Record Details

NHER Number:7292
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval moat and toft


The earthworks of a medieval moat, linked to a further enclosure. This has been interpreted as a double compartment moat, and as a partly moated medieval toft. An earthwork ditch is likely to represent the edge of a medieval common. Fragments of Late Saxon and medieval pottery have been found on the site.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 9490 1476
Map Sheet:TF91SW

Full description

Moat (Ordnance Survey).
(S1) marks a single straight ditch aligned east-northeast to west-southwest. This is the only waterfilled section remaining but forms part of a dry rectangular moat with raised platform. Another dry ditch connects west arm with pond (halfway to house), pond shown on Ordnance Survey. May indicate two compartment moat, or an overflow channel.

1986. Found in moat area by metal detecting.
Two sherds: body sherd of Thetford type ware, another possibly Thetford but could be early medieval.
Identified by A. Gregory (NAU)
E. Rose (NAU) 20 May 1987.

Moat is all dry.
Two compartment appears a distinct possiblity.
Young trees planted in both compartments. Pond has recently been cleared.
Site report in file.
H. Paterson (A&E), 13 October 1992.

1996. Earthwork Survey.
Survey at 1:1000, indicating a common edge toft.
See report (S2) further details and copy of plan (S3). The results of this survey are also summarised in (S4).
B. Cushion (NLA) February 1996. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 2 March 2015.

Monument Types

  • DRAINAGE DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TOFT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VILLAGE GREEN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • Management Statement
  • Management Statement
  • Management Statement
  • Management Statement

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Gressenhall [2].
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Miscellaneous. Wendling.
<S1>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1883. First edition six inch map.
<S2>Unpublished Report: Cushion, B. 1996. Gressenhall SMR 7292. Earthwork Survey Report.
<S3>Illustration: Cushion, B. 1996. Plan of earthworks at Gressenhall SMR 7292. Film. 1:1000.
<S4>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1997. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1996. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt IV pp 547-564. p 553.

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