Record Details

NHER Number:6969
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible Early Bronze Age pit, Iron Age and Roman pits, Late Saxon timber building

Summary

Fieldwalking in the 1960s and 1970s recovered a number of prehistoric scrapers, flakes and a borer, as well as Neolithic, Early Bronze Age, Roman, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval pottery sherds. Excavation around 1964/5 recorded a 'shallow depression' which produced four or five Early Bronze Age beakers and a retouched flake. In 1976 a Roman ditch was excavated, and in 1977 an excavation recorded a rectangular timber building constructed with timber uprights thought to date to the Late Saxon date. In addition, two irregular pits containing abundant Iron Age pottery were noted, and a series of smaller pits or post holes may have been associated with them.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 3323 3165
Map Sheet:TG33SW
Parish:WITTON, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

OS fields 91 (including former 92 and part of 100).

1960s - 1970s. Fieldwork finds.
Fieldwalking in the 1960s and 1970s recovered a number of prehistoric scrapers, flakes and a borer, as well as Neolithic (S3), Early Bronze Age, Roman, Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval pottery sherds.
Excavation around 1964/5 recorded a 'shallow depression' which produced four or five Early Bronze Age beakers and a retouched flake.
An excavation of uncertain date of a 'compound' produced a number of pottery sherds from the Saxon, medieval and post medieval periods, as well as a small number of flint flakes, pot boilers and a fragment of coal.
At 3310 3171 a ditch was excavated which contained decayed material or soot covered by a layer which contained some Roman pottery sherds. Fragments of daub and iron, and many pot boilers were recovered, but from which layer is unclear.
In 1977 an excavation recorded a rectangular timber building constructed with timber uprights some 30-50cm in diameter regularly set 2m apart in post holes. The discovery of Late Saxon pottery sherds in the post holes indicated a Late Saxon date for the building. The building was probably quite substantial but no other details were recorded. In addition, two irregular pits containing abundant Iron Age pottery were noted, and a series of smaller pits or post holes may have been associated with them.
See list in file and (S1).
Ruth Fillery-Travis (NLA), 10 September 2007.

March 2005. Norfolk NMP.
Cropmarks previously recorded under this NHER number have been moved to new numbers. The partially excavated enclosure and possible ring ditch (previously 6969 context 9) has been reinstated to its original NHER number (6971). Rectilinear enclosures at the western end of this field, including linear ditches (previously 6969 context 15) have been recorded as NHER 27229. All other cropmarks identified in this area, including linear ditches ( 6969 context 16) are recorded as part of NHER 27237. The cropmarks referred to in 6969 context 11 were not identified during the mapping.
J. Albone (NMP), 10 March 2005

Monument Types

  • PIT (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
  • PIT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POST HOLE? (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUILDING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Undated)
  • BRICK (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Undated)
  • QUERN (Unknown date)
  • BORER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUERN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG 3331AT-AU, AA, AG, AJ.
---Correspondence: Robins, P.. 1989. J.E Owles flint collection brought in to Castle Museum for identification.. 5 April.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Article in Serial: Lawson, A. J. 1983. The Archaeology of Witton, near North Walsham. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 18.
<S2>Article in Serial: 1937. Archaeological Journal. Vol 47, pp 1-2. pp 1-2.
<S3>Illustration: Unknown. 1965. Drawing of Neolithic sherds.. Card. Unknown.

Related records

27235Related to: Cropmark of incomplete possible Bronze Age ring ditch, barrow or roundhouse (Monument)

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