Record Details

NHER Number:6897
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Palaeolithic flint handaxe and flakes


A some time prior to January 1920 a Palaeolithic flint handaxe was found at the base of a cliff at Bacton. A number of potentially Palaeolithic flint flakes were also recovered from a gravel deposit exposed in the cliff section.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 3370 3474
Map Sheet:TG33SW

Full description

Pre 1920. Stray Find.
A broken pointed Palaeolithic flint handaxe was found on the beach at Bacton by W. B. Nichols at some time prior to 1920. This object is illustrated in (S1) and described by Reid Moir as having been found "…on the talus at the base…" of a cliff section located "…about half-a-mile to the north-west of Bacton". Reid Moir described the implement as "…the upper anterior portion of a platessiform Palaeolithic implement of Chellean type". It was thought to have come from a layer of "irregularly-bedded gravel" that overlay the Cromer Forest Bed deposits. A small "trimmed flake" illustrated in (S1) was found, along with a number of other example, in situ within this gravel.

These finds are also noted in (S2), (S3), (S4) and (S5), although little additional information is given. According to (S3) the handaxe (and possibly also the flake) is held by the Ipswich Museum.

It should be noted that the mapped extent of this record is only a very rough approximation of the area in which these finds were probably recovered.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 11 June 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)

Associated Finds

  • FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Palaeolithic.
<S1>Article in serial: Reid Moir, J. 1920. A Series of Humanly-Fashioned Flints found in the Cliffs and on the Shore at Mundesley, Norfolk. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia. Vol III Pt II (for 1919-20) pp 219-243. pp 225-226 Fig 52a.
<S2>Monograph: Roe, D. A. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Sites. CBA Research Report. No 8. p 228.
<S3>Publication: Wymer, J. J. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. p 32.
<S4>Unpublished document: Wessex Archaeology. 1997. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Region 8 (East Anglian Rivers) and 11 (Trent Drainage). p 49.
<S5>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22541.
<S6>Article in serial: Robins, P., Wymer, J. J. and Parfitt, S. 2008. Handaxe Finds on the Norfolk Beaches. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt III pp 412-415. p 414.

Related records - none

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