Record Details

NHER Number:6278
Type of record:Building
Name:All Saints' Church and ruins of Weybourne Priory of the Blessed Virgin and All Saints

Summary

The present church grew out of a 13th century Priory of Augustinian Canons, which itself took over the site and building of an earlier church. The impressive ruins of the early Norman tower remain to the north of the present chancel and much of the outline of the Priory can still be seen. The canons added a south aisle for parish use and the present north aisle stands on the foundations of the old nave. A handsome tower with nice sound holes and flushwork was added in the 15th century, as was the porch, which has good flint and brick chequerwork and had an upper chamber used as a chapel. The nave hammerbeam roof is of similar date. Inside is a Jacobean pulpit re-mounted on a plinth of 1888 and some early 16th century re-used poppyhead benches, one with a female head as an armrest, another with a bird. Ruins of the cloister and vaulted dark entry are in the neighbouring garden to the north.

Images

  • All Saints' Church, Weybourne. Photograph from www.norfolkchurches.co.uk.  © S. Knott

Location

Grid Reference:TG 1113 4309
Map Sheet:TG14SW
Parish:WEYBOURNE, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Priory of Augustinian Canons.
Founded 1199-1216. Parish church; new enlarged south aisle. Tower and ruins of church; some buildings on north. Saxon work in tower. 1314 became priory cell. 1536 dissolved.

Church.
Saxon tower of priory; originally of parish church over chancel (though Pevsner (S1) says west of chancel). Dated about 950 to 1066; G.B. Brown dates to about 1050, by Whittingham (Barnack string course about 1050).
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

Ordnance Survey maps mark 'moat' as northern boundary. An 18th century barn said to contain timbers from the priory was demolished in 1967 and the wood used to build a house at Hawes Green, Shotesham (NHER 13184).

(S1) notes that the parish church is otherwise 13th to 15th century with plate as paten, London 1767, chalice London 1768.

(S2) notes stump of a cross near the tower.
Informant [1] notes a straight jamb in the tower above the west arch, below the roof and a west window.
(S3) dated it to 'C3' or 1050 to 1100.

The exact limits of the scheduled area are far from clear. As well as being scheduled, the following buildings are listed (S4).
Parish church grade II*, priory ruins grade I, Abbey Farmhouse (dated as 17th century extended early 19th century) grade II, barn to north dated 1671 grade II; both the latter built over priory foundations.
See (S4).

New schedule 1995 includes all of area including the ground beneath the above-mentioned buildings. See the schedule description in file for full analysis of ruins and of parish church.
See file for further details.
E. Rose (NLA), 1 September 1995.

War memorial in churchyard listed Grade II in 2001 (S4).
E. Rose (NLA), 20 April 2001.

August 2002.
Heavy ivy cover over much of the ruins. Some growing from the ground, but a great proportion sprouting from the masonry. Some areas of the ruins also masked by elder growing close to the walls. It is hoped to facilitate a Section 17 agreement to kill the ivy and cut the scrub, prior to examining the possiblity of a programme of consolidation.
H. Paterson (NLA), 27 August 2002.

Section 17 Management Agreement (S5) signed 24 October 2002.
See copy in office file.
H. Paterson (A&E), 31 October 2002.

2002.
The barn dated 1671 (or possibly 1677) according to architect, partly collapsed.
Information from North Norfolk District Council.
E. Rose (NLA), 11 December 2002.

May 2003. NAU evaluation. Contexts 1 to 21 used.
Trench 1 was located in the ‘dark entry’ and revealed elements of a possible medieval floor below modern deposits of rubble from the priory buildings.
Trench 2 was located in the west cloister range that had been re-used as a cellar in the post medieval period. It contained a post medieval floor below modern deposits of rubble from the priory buildings.
See (S6) in file.
See also (S19).
M. Horlock (NLA), 6 August 2003.

See comments made at time of planning application for house and barn, including analysis by Norfolk County Council who say the date on the barn was 1699.
E. Rose (NLA), 11 July 2003.

July 2003.
Elder all cut at ground level. Much of the ivy on the fabric of the ruins cut and dying. Poison will be applied to any live ivy rooted in the masonry. Under management agreement.
H. Paterson (A&E), 14 July 2003.

Norfolk NMP. October 2003.
The walls, vegetation-covered wall footings and associated earthworks relating to Weybourne Priory are visible on aerial photographs (S7-S9). A series of fishponds and channels to the northeast of the site are also visible. The main concentration of structural remains and earthworks are located to the north and northeast of the Priory church and cloister. These consist of low vegetation covered wall footings and exposed stonework that follow the same alignment as the rest of the Priory buildings to the south. These are likely to be the remains of further ranges of buildings, possibly representing domestic, agricultural and service buildings additional to the main cloistral range. A number of the more southerly walls appear to correspond with structures marked on the Ordnance Survey second edition map that have since been removed. It is also possible that some represent the remains of garden walls and external divisions.

The most northernmost of the walls appears to join with a relatively major boundary that runs alongside the eastern extent of the site. To the north of the main structural remains is a large rectangular fishpond, 16.5m by 14.5m. The traces of two secondary ponds are also visible adjacent to this more major feature. A curvilinear hollow way approaches the site from the northwest. It is possible that this relates to the monastic site, although it is also possible that it relates to one of the later, post medieval phases at the site.
S. Massey (NMP), 09 October 2003.

February 2004.
A large proportion of the dense ivy growth has died, following cutting under Section 17 Agreement. Several stems still alive growing from the masonry at higher levels, especially on the dark entry. Chemical spraying will take place in the near future.
H. Paterson (A&E), 18 February 2004.

July 2004. NAU watching brief on floor lowering. Contexts 25 to 35.
Medieval anthropomorphic cowled figure carved within ashlar block in southwest door jam of walled courtyard, north range of outbuildings. Also, found by [2], head of medieval statue, possibly an angel, relatively unweathered.
J. Allen (NLA), 30 July 2004.

December 2004.
Scheduled monument consent granted concerning the digging of footings for a conservatory.
See (S10)
H. White (NLA), 6 March 2009

January 2005. NAU watching brief on services. Contexts 36 to 49 used.
Floor surfaces within the two rooms affected exhibited rubble infill, some of which was proven to be associated with the demolished priory building. A trench revealed the cellar wall and associated footing trench. This contained unstratified post medieval pottery as well as fragments of both animal and human skeletal material.
See (S11).
See also (S18).
J. Allen (NLA), 12 January 2005.

March 2005. During monitoring visit on NAU evaluation in and around barn to north (which appears to conform to (S3) but is being converted).
Two canted tiebeams with mortices for arched braces noted as being built into Abbey Farmhouse, said to come from this barn; if so it would seem they had already been re-used once. From a partition wall in the house came quantities of re-used medieval carved stone, 13th to 15th century. Further stone from barn. Full record being made by S. Heywood (Norfolk County Council).
To the west a second barn, not listed and outside scheduled area, flint and brick with large cart porch; slit windows mutilated; probably 18th century. Third and largest barn to west is of 1961 and very good for that date.
E. Rose (NLA), 21 March 2005.

(S12) in file confirms that the ruined central tower is no longer in ecclesiastical ownership but is part of the private property to the north. Print-out of (S13) in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 17 October 2005.

See NHER 41266 for archaeological work done nearby in 2006 (14).
J. Allen (NLA), 7 March 2007.

July 2006.
Scheduled monument consent granted regarding the construction of paths and patio areas around Abbey farmhouse, the re-laying of the lawn and flower beds in the cloister area, the planing of Box Parterre and relaying of lawn to the north of the property and the construction of a woodblock driveway to the house.
See (S15)
H. White (NLA), 6 April 2009

July 2007.Weybourne Priory
Scheduled monument consent granted concerning the installation of a French drain around the northern wall of the barn, and the reduction of the ground level on the easern wall to eradicate water ingress through the scheduled wall. Separate consent granted for the evaluation by trail trenching of an area for proposed development of a swimming pool.
See (S16)
H. White (NLA), 6 April 2009

January 2008.
Section 17 management agreement renewed.
See (S17).
D. Robertson (NLA), 14 January 2008.

March 2012. Survey of ruins.
Prior to repairs starting. See (S20) for schedule of works and (S21) for drawings. Some variation of detail on discussion on site with contractor.
Walled garden. Northern section of east wall of walled garden fell during a gale destroying a mature quince tree.
S. Heywood (HES), 21 March 2012.

Monument Types

  • CHURCH (Late Saxon to Modern - 950 AD to 2050 AD)
  • FLOOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • GRAFFITI (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PRIORY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PRIORY (Medieval to Modern - 1199 AD to 2050 AD)
  • BARN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CELLAR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DRAIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FLOOR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STAKE HOLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WAR MEMORIAL (Modern - 1901 AD to 2050 AD)

Associated Finds

  • HUMAN REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD?)
  • STATUE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD?)
  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • Listed Building
  • Listed Building
  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Article in Serial: Fairweather, F. H. 1931. Excavations in Norfolk; Summer 1930. Antiquaries Journal. XI No 2 pp 168-169. p 168.
---Article in Serial: 1934. Journal of the British Archaeological Association. Vol 40, pp 70-72.
---Article in Serial: Archaeological Journal. Vol VI, p 362.
---Scheduling Record: English Heritage. Scheduling Report.
---Article in Serial: Fairweather, F. H. 1932. The Augustinian Priory of Weybourne, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXIV Pt III pp 201-228.
---Monograph: Mortlock, D. & Roberts, C.. 1981. The Popular Guide to Norfolk Churches, No.1. North-East Norfolk..
---Photograph: Hobbs, B.. 2005. LVY-LVZ.
---Leaflet: Weybourne Priory and Parish Church.. Weybourne Parochial Church Council.
---Monograph: Hart, S.. 2010. Medieval Church Window Tracery in England. p 120.
---Monograph: Taylor, H.M. and Taylor, J.. 1978. Anglo Saxon Architecture..
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2012. Artist whose talent was overlooked is in the spotlight. 4 July.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Late Saxon. Weybourne.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Weybourne.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2013. Ancient priory project land top award. 28/09/2013.
<S1>Monograph: Pevsner, N.. 1962. The Buildings of England: North East Norfolk and Norwich.
<S2>Article in Serial: Cozens-Hardy B. 1934. Norfolk Crosses. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXV Pt II pp 297-336. p 330.
<S3>Article in Serial: Manning, C. R. 1888. Weyborne Church and Priory. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol X pp 272-270.
<S3>Article in Serial: Jessop, A. 1888. Weyborne Priory. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol X pp 271-276.
<S4>Scheduling Record: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England.
<S5>Unpublished Document: H. Paterson (A&E), MPP. Management Statement.
<S6>Unpublished Document: Penn, K.. 2003. NAU Report No. 833. An Archaeological Evaluation at Abbey Farmhouse, Weybourne, Norfolk..
<S7>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1952. RAF 58/844 5064-6 21-MAR-1952 (NMR).
<S8>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1955. RAF 82/1214 (F22) 0200-2 06-JUN-1955 (NMR).
<S9>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1981. OS/81081 102-4 17-AUG-1981 (NMR).
<S10>Scheduling Record: DCMS. 2004. Scheduled Monument Consent.
<S11>Unpublished Document: Hobbs, B.. 2005. NAU Report No. 1002. An Archaeological Watching Brief at Abbey Farmhouse, Weybourne, Norfolk..
<S12>Unpublished Document: Herring, J. and others (Norwich Diocese). 2005. Letter, maps, etc..
<S13>Website: Knott, S.. 2006. http://www.norfolkchurches.co.uk/weybourne/weybourne.htm.
<S14>Unpublished Document: Boyle, M. and Ratcliff, M.. 2006. NAU Archaeology Report No. 1196. An Archaeological Watching Brief at Abbey Farm, Weybourne, 2006..
<S15>Scheduling Record: DCMS. 2006. Scheduled monument consent.
<S16>Scheduling Record: DCMS. 2007. Scheduled Monument Consent.
<S17>Unpublished Document: Norfolk County Council. 2007-2008. Section 17 Management Agreement.
<S18>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2005. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2004. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt IV pp 751-763. p 762.
<S19>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2004. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2003. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt III pp 573-588. p 588.
<S20>Unpublished Document: S. Heywood. 2012. Schedule of repairs to Weybourne Priory Ruins. January.
<S21>Illustration: Wilson Compton Associates. 2007. The Augustinian Friary[sic], Weybourne, Norfolk. Measured drawings of the north cloister range and Dark Entry.

Related records

47379Parent of: Abbey Farmhouse, The Street (Building)
47631Parent of: Barn at Abbey Farm north of Abbey Farmhouse (Building)
41266Parent of: Medieval and post medieval finds and features, Abbey Farm barn (Monument)

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