Record Details

NHER Number:6153
Type of record:Monument
Name:Bronze Age barrow and Early Saxon inhumation

Summary

The remains of a Bronze Age barrow can be clearly seen as an earthwork and on aerial photographs. An excavation in 1936 revealed that the barrow had been reused for an Early Saxon inhumation, and an Early Saxon spear and shield boss were found.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 0199 4113
Map Sheet:TG04SW
Parish:BLAKENEY, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK
LANGHAM, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1936.
Excavation of round barrow by J. E. Sainty (NCM) and A. Q. Watson (NCM).
NCM Beaker card originally had 'sherds of B2 Beaker' later altered by R. R. Clarke (NCM) to 'globular' on (S1) but not on Beaker card.
(S2) has '2 collared urns'.
Barrow about 1.8m high at west side; diameter 8.2m and length 16.4m.
Partly ploughed away from west side.
No ditch, almost level with field on the east side.
Broken fragments of Bronze Age pottery, also an Early Saxon spear and shield boss as secondary inhumation.
3 flint flakes, one rusted onto spearhead.

Photos of objects before cleaning in secondary file.
(S3), (S4), (S5).

1975.
Spread of coarse gravel and cobbles.
No apparent mound.
2m drop from east field to west.
Looks more like utilised natural deposite of glacial gravel.
Ploughed.
A. J. Lawson (NAU) 10 January 1975.

March 1985.
Not destroyed after all, still fairly conspicuous in hedge.
Under hummocky grass on esker like ridge.
J. J. Wymer (NAU)

Mound scrub covered, with hedge on summit.
Trees have been planted in ditch area to north and west, and partly on base.
Under Stewardship it is hoped hedge and trees will be cut and a 6m margin instituted to remove east part of mound from arable.
H. Paterson (A&E) 13 November 1997.

Mound now under rough grass.
Scrub has been cut and some small trees removed.
One conifer still remaining will be cut soon.
Area to east has a margin of some 1m between ploughsoil and edge of mound.
This margin to be increased to cover the whole original area.
H. Paterson (A&E) 18 December 1998.

January 2003. Norfolk NMP.
The remains of a Bronze Age Barrow can be clearly seen on OS 1994 aerial photographs (S6) and it can also just be determined on the RAF 1946 images (S7). On the 1994 aerial photographs it is apparent the parish boundary between Langham and Blakeney crosses the barrow, and on the Blakeney side the barrow appears to have been ploughed out completely (with the land still remaining under arable), while an earthwork still remains in Langham. The area of land in Langham can be seen to be under grassland with an area of trees to the north (all within land marking the boundary between two arable fields and the two parishes). (In the 1946 aerial photographs the site is located under the hedge (parish boundary) and between two arable fields). The site is centred at NGR TG0199 4113
H. Clare (NMP), 24 January 2003.

Monument Types

  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • INHUMATION (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)

Associated Finds

  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • SHIELD (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SPEAR (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Photograph: MF6-7.
---Archive: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 04 SW 11.
---Publication: Meaney, A.. 1964. Gazetteer of Early Anglo-Saxon Burial Sites.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Langham.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Langham.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Early Saxon. Langham.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: British Museum. National Bronze Index.
<S2>Monograph: Lawson, A. J., Martin, E., Priddy, D. and Taylor, A. 1981. The Barrows of East Anglia. East Anglian Archaeology. No 12.
<S3>Newspaper Article: 26 June 1938. Eastern Daily Press.
<S4>Article in serial: Clarke, R. R. 1940. Norfolk in the Dark Ages, 400-800 A.D., Part II. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXVII Pt II pp 215-249. pp 238-239.
<S6>Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1994. OS/94172 044-6 14-JUN-1994 (SMR).
<S7>Aerial Photograph: 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1571 4157-8 07-JUN-1946 (Norfolk SMR TG 0240A-B).

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