Record Details

NHER Number:4510
Type of record:Monument
Name:RAF Marham

Summary

An airfield first used by the Royal Flying Corps during World War One. The Royal Air Force took over the site during World War Two. It continued to be used during the Cold War and to the present day. The airfield had three Picket Hamilton forts during World War Two. The Cold War Hardened Nuclear Shelters built here in the 1980s are considered to be of national importance.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 7283 0866
Map Sheet:TF70NW
Parish:BARTON BENDISH, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK
MARHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK
NARBOROUGH, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK
SHOULDHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Marham Airfield was opened in September 1916 as a night landing ground; with two hangers and other ancillary buildings. Continued in use during World War Two, and was in use by the RAF until 1979.
See (S1) for details.
E. Rose (NAU).

(S2) notes that there were once three Picket Hamilton Rectractable Forts on this airfield, dating from World War Two.

World War Two anti-aircraft artillery on airfield.
D. Gurney (NLA) 28 January 1997.

The Cold War Hardened Nuclear Shelters, built in the 1980s, are themselves now being considered for preservation, as they are of national importance in reflecting contemporary nuclear weapons handling procedures during the last phase of operational deployment of nuclear weapons by the RAF.
E. Rose (NLA) 23 October 2000.

2001.
Cold War Monument Protection Programme assessment identifies this as a site of national importance, and it is to be listed or scheduled.
See file for details and report on CD ROM.
D. Gurney (NLA) 27 December 2001.

The RAF are still based here and did not leave the airfield in 1979. The Canberra PR9, photographic reconnaisance planes, last flew from here on 27 July 2006. RAF Marham was the last base to house this type of aeroplane.
Information from [1].
M. Dennis (NLA) 28 July 2006.

Monument Types

  • AIRCRAFT HANGAR (World War One to World War Two - 1914 AD to 1945 AD)
  • MILITARY AIRFIELD (World War One to Modern - 1914 AD to 2050 AD)
  • ANTI AIRCRAFT BATTERY (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • BOMB STORE (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • PICKETT HAMILTON FORT (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • PILLBOX (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • BOMB STORE (Cold War - 1945 AD to 1992 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Monograph: Cocroft, W.. 2001. Cold War Monuments: An Assessment by the Monuments Protection Programme..
---Verbal communication: D. Adams (RAF). 1994.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. Memorable flightpaths in war and peace. 2 January.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. Closure of base would hurt local economy.. 15 October.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: D.E.T.. 1986. Two Norfolk Airfields in The Great War..
<S2>Serial: Dobinson, C.S.. 1996. Twentieth Century Fortifications in England.. Vol I.4, p 562; Vol I.3.

Related records - none

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