Record Details

NHER Number:416
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Saxon church and graveyard, Market Avenue/Rose Lane

Summary

Excavation in 1979 in the car park of Anglia TV recovered sixty-eight articulated burials in association with a previously unknown Late Saxon timber church, the complete ground plan of which was recovered. A well nearby appears to be associated, and a number of finds including a Late Saxon copper alloy brooch, tweezers, strap ends, silver ring, bone skate, spindle whorl and pottery sherds were also recovered.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2331 0850
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

May-July 1979. Trial Trench and Excavation.
NAU excavation of Anglia TV car park.
Sixty-eight articulated burials located in association with a Late Saxon timber church. Burials in this area were recorded by Kirkpatrick in 1716 when they were disturbed by cellars. Building in three phases. Church was previously unrecorded. A well appeared to be associated. Burnt cabled limestone. Late Saxon bronze brooch, tweezers, two bronze strap ends, silver ring, bone skate, spindlewhorl, baked clay lump, Thetford-type ware. Post medieval red-painted ware. One Beaker barbed and tanged flint arrowhead from excavation. South ditch of northeast castle bailey located in machine dug trial trench.
Compiled by B. Ayers (NAU).

See published monograph (S1) and file for further details.
At least some of the finds from this site are now in the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 1997.68).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 29 April 2019.

Monument Types

  • CEMETERY (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • CHURCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • KILN? (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • RUBBISH PIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • TIMBER FRAMED BUILDING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • WELL (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BAILEY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CASTLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CELLAR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • YARD (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • CEREMONIAL OBJECT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BALANCE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BRICK (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HOOKED TAG (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ICE SKATE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • KNIFE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • QUERN (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SPADE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STAPLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • WHETSTONE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BALANCE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FURNITURE FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • INSCRIBED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NEEDLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIN (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPUR (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BOOK FITTING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPOON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • THIMBLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NCM Staff. 1973-1989. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card - Norwich.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Photograph: BEA-BEZ, BFA-Z, BGA-F.
<S1>Monograph: Ayers, B. 1985. Excavations within the North-East Bailey of Norwich Castle, 1979. East Anglian Archaeology. No 28.

Related records

Site 1112Parent of: Shirehall Car Park, Crown Road (Monument)

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