Record Details

NHER Number:37105
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Iron Age to Roman settlement at Hill Farm

Summary

Fieldwalking and metal detecting as part of an archaeological watching brief recovered a large number of Roman finds. Late Iron Age to Roman pits, post holes and ditches were identified and excavated. A probable enclosure was recorded. The amount of finds recovered suggests this is a significant late Iron Age and Roman settlement site. The investigation was carried out as part of a large watching brief along the line of a water pipeline (NHER 3716).

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 8994 0753
Map Sheet:TF80NE
Parish:HOLME HALE, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

April-May 2002. Excavation.
Excavation of site on course of Anglian Water North Pickenham to West Bradenham Supply Main pipeline. This site was identified during monitoring of topsoil stripping along the route of the pipeline.
Revealed pits, postholes and ditches dating to the Iron Age to Roman transitional and Roman periods. One large ditch formed a right angled corner and probably represented an enclosure. A spread of flints, just 'outside' this ditch was possible from field clearance. A number of pits were interpreted as being located within the enclosure.
See assessment report (S1) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S2). Final publication awaited.
See NHER 37106 for details of unstatified finds recovered along the rest of the pipeline during the watching brief.
J. Allen (NLA), 9 May 2002 and M. Dennis (NLA), 15 March 2006. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 14 May 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • DITCH (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • ENCLOSURE (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • PIT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • KNIFE (Unknown date)
  • LOOMWEIGHT? (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Unknown date)
  • NAIL (Unknown date)
  • SAMPLE (Unknown date)
  • SHEET (Unknown date)
  • SHEET (Unknown date)
  • WASTE (Unknown date)
  • BURNT FLINT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Late Iron Age to Roman - 100 BC to 409 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ARMLET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPOON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 500 AD to 599 AD)
  • JETTON (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SHOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPUR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Bates, S. 2003. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design for Archaeological Excavations and Watching Brief on the North Pickenham to West Bradenham Supply Mains, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 825.
<S2>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2003. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2002. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt II pp 368-384. p 376.

Related records - none

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