Record Details

NHER Number:36050
Type of record:Monument
Name:Probable prehistoric enclosure, Ellingham Hall Estate

Summary

Fieldwalking, evaluation and a watching brief were carried out before the construction of a lake and gravel quarry. These revealed a prehistoric ring ditch and a probable prehistoric enclosure. Prehistoric worked flints and Iron Age pottery were recovered.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 35816 92584
Map Sheet:TM39SE
Parish:ELLINGHAM, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

March-April 2001. Systematic Fieldwalking and Metal-detecting Survey and Trial Trenching. Contexts 1-165.
Fieldwalking recovered struck and burnt flint and post-medieval ceramic building material.
The evaluation identified an east-west aligned ditch to the south of the site, with a possible terminating ditch or gully to the northern end of the ditch. No finds were recovered from either feature. A trench to the north-west of the site identified a ditch intersection, the fill of which produced a flint core and flake. Two linear features were indentified to the west of the site, comprising a north-east to south-west aligned ditch and a north- to south gully. No finds were recovered from either of these features. A north- south linear ditch located to the south- east of the site produced three fint flakes close to the surface but were probably intrusive. A possible post-hole was also located in this area, and produced no finds. A probable post-medieval/ modern feature was identified to the west of the site, from which a single fragment of ceramic building material was recovered.
See report (S1) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S2).
D. Gurney (NLA), 25 May 2001. Updated by H. White (NLA), 1 April 2009.

June-July 2001. Watching Brief. Contexts 166-230.
Monitoring of topsoil stripping on site of landscaped lake and gravel quarry.
A ring-ditch with a central pit and a ditch leading away to the south -west was located to the south-east of the site, and a number of other ditches most likely constituting a prehistoric enclosure were also identified. A small quantity of prehistoric struck flints and Iron Age pottery were recovered.
See report (S3) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S2).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2016.142).
B. Hobbs (NAU), 6 August 2001. Updated by H. White (NLA), 1 April 2009 and P. Watkins (HES), 21 June 2019.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • DITCHED ENCLOSURE (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • ENCLOSURE (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • RING DITCH (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BARROW (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2350 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • BLADE? (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • BURNT FLINT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • CORE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • TRANSVERSE ARROWHEAD (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Birks, C. 2001. Report on an Archaeological Evaluation at Ellingham Hall Estate, Ellingham. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 596.
<S2>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2002. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2001. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt I pp 162-177. p 166.
<S3>Unpublished Contractor Report: Hobbs, B. 2001. Report on an Archaeological Watching Brief at Ellingham Hall Estate, Ellingham, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 617.

Related records

56796Part of: Ellingham Park (Monument)

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