Record Details

NHER Number:33842
Type of record:Monument
Name:Prehistoric site, Costessey park and ride

Summary

An archaeological evaluation at this site in 1998 found evidence of shallow pits, a ditch and a possible hearth. Finds included Neolithic, Bronze Age and Iron Age pottery sherds together with worked flints which suggest the site was prehistoric in date, fairly extensive and was used throughout later prehistory. There is no evidence for Roman, Saxon or medieval use of the site.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 157 102
Map Sheet:TG11SE
Parish:BAWBURGH, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK
COSTESSEY, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

September 1998. Geophysical Survey.
Magnetometry survey of proposed Park and Ride site.
See report (S1) for further details. The results of this work are summarised in (S2).

October 1998. Trial Trenching.
Evaluation of Park and Ride site. Contexts 1-62.
Pits and ditches found, some with Bronze Age sherds.
Also Iron Age, Early Neolithic and undated prehistoric pottery sherds.
Metal working debris.
Flints.
Burnt areas.
See report (S2) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S3).
E. Rose (NLA), 13 November 1998. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 15 April 2015.

August 2000. Watching Brief.
Monitoring of topsoil stripping at Park and Ride site. Contexts 63-64.
No features found.
Neolithic/Early Bronze Age flints.
Roman brooch.
Post-medieval coins and metal work.
See report (S4) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S5).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2016.181).
D. Gurney (NLA), 3 January 2001. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 15 April 2015 and 21 June 2019.

Monument Types

  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • HEARTH (Unknown date)
  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
  • PIT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • WEIGHT (Undated)
  • BLADE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • CORE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Early Neolithic - 4000 BC to 3001 BC)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Early Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 1501 BC)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PURSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Slide: Various. Slide. 1-24.
---Fiche: Exists.
<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: [Unknown]. 1998. Costessey Park and Ride, Norfolk. Geophysical Survey Report. GSB Prospection. 98/94.
<S2>Unpublished Contractor Report: Whitmore, D. 1998. Report on an Archaeological Evaluation at Long Lane, Costessey. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 359.
<S3>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1999. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1998. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt II pp 369-387. p 371.
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: Percival, J. 2000. Report on an Archaeological Watching Brief at the Costessey Park and Ride Site, Long Lane, Costessey. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 538.
<S5>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2001. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2000. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt IV pp 707-728. p 708.

Related records - none

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