Record Details

NHER Number:3242
Type of record:Building
Name:Bellevue Tower


This building has been variously described as a windmill, a watch tower and a folly. The likeliest explanation is that it began life as a smock mill in the early 18th century, but was converted to an all brick tower and used as a folly by 1783. However, discussion continues. The tower has now been converted to residential use.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 0341 3349
Map Sheet:TG03SW

Full description

Described by (S1) as Elizabethan, lower stories enclosed in 1721.
But cutting in (S7) NCM describes as a windmill, converted before 1829. [1] says the exterior is dated 1720, but it is said to be Elizabethan lookout or signal station - has view of sea to north, but is sheltered from the wind so not a windmill. In
1978 battlements, copying earlier ones, were replaced during conversion to house.

However (S4) states this was definitely a windmill, a smock mill erected by Sir Jacob Astley in 1721 (S2) it presumably worked on updraughts of air like Billingford. The octagonal brick base remains but the wooden tower was replaced by a cylindrical brick tower and furnished as a folly before 1781 (S3). In fact (S4) believes the mill was not sheltered from the wind at all, and was the highest in Norfolk.(S5) in file. (S6).

E. Rose (NAU) 6 April 1982.

NGR Corrected from original TG 1341 3349.
M. Horlock (NLA), 1 July 2003.

Monument Types

  • FOLLY (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WATCH TOWER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDMILL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Monograph: Apling, H.. 1984. Norfolk Corn Windmills. Vol I.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Post-Medieval. Melton Constable.
<S1>Serial: Pevsner, N.. Buildings of England..
<S2>Serial: Young, A.. 1771. Farmers Tour Through The East of England.. Vol II, p 62.
<S3>Serial: Armstrong, M. J.. 1781. The History and Antiquities of the County of Norfolk.. Vol VII, Holt Hundred. p 84.
<S5>Newspaper Article: 1987. Eastern Daily Press. 27 June.
<S6>Scheduling record: English Heritage. List of Buildings of Historical and Architectural Interest.
<S7>Archive: Bolingbroke Collection.

Related records - none

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