Record Details

NHER Number:31591
Type of record:Building
Name:The Orchards, 20 Norwich Road

Summary

This 19th century building was made in Tudor and Elizabethan styles. It was built by J. A. Repton for his brother William Repton. The attached tower is similar in style with a pyramidal roof and may be contemporary with the main house, or added later. Part of the gardens retain their 19th century planting, and excavations here in 2002 found evidence for developed garden soils and a late medieval or early post medieval feature. During restoration of the house an underground structure, perhaps an icehouse, underground water reservoir for fountains or a cess pit, was discovered. This structure may have been reused as an air raid shelter.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 1936 2672
Map Sheet:TG12NE
Parish:AYLSHAM, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

The Orchards, 20 Norwich Road
Tudor/ Elizabethan style house, early 19th century, believed to have been built by J. A. Repton for himself. Later tower in similar style.
Information from Broadland District Council; further details to come.
Placed under Building Preservation Notice, 27 September 1995.
E. Rose (NLA), 10 November 1995.

October 1995. Listed, Grade II.
House was built by J. A. Repton for William Repton, and believes the tower is contemporary. Roof 20th century concrete tiles. Entrance front has two timber framed gables over English bond brick ground floor. Stone doorway, first floor oriel. West wall similar style, assymetrical. Chimneys with star topped flues. South front has recessed centre and projecting bays. Tower is to east, has pyramid roof.
See (S1) for the complete listing details.
E. Rose (NLA), 23 January 1996.

However (S2), introduction to Aylsham Section, states that although J. A. Repton designed the house on behalf of W. Repton, the builder was William Bartram of Millgate and it has been suggested the house was for Repton's partner W. H. Scott, as a house for the latter is stated to have been built in an orchard. This however the compiler thinks is more likely to refer to a house built in Repton's garden on the south side of the Market Place and that The Orchards was indeed for W. Repton's own residence. (S2) grades the gardens as three star (national importance) although they are much reduced in size. Planting was in Historical style.
See details in (S2).
E. Rose (NLA), 24 February 1998.

Despite (S1) however [1] states the listing officer [2] agreed with him that the tower is later; it first appears on Ordnance Survey maps as a change to the ground plan in the 1920s.
E. Rose (NLA), 28 April 2000.

April 2001. Visit.
Building derelict, part boarded up, evidence of squatters.
E. Rose (NLA), 17 April 2001.

June 2001.
House damaged by fire.
E. Rose (NLA), 19 June 2001.

July 2002. Trial Trench.
In advance of proposed development of north area of site. Contexts 100-110 used.
Showed that a naturally laid sand was overlain by 0.7m of developed soils, probably associated with the construction and landscaping of early 19th century formal gardens. A single cut feature of late medieval to early post medieval date was recorded in the western part of the trench. No other archaeological deposits or features were observed. A small quantity of post medieval pottery was recovered from the garden soils.
See report (S3) for further details.
M. Horlock (NLA), 11 October 2002.

2002.
House under restoration. Underground feature discovered in garden - see notes in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 29 October 2002.

Monument Types

  • FEATURE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CESS PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GARDEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ICEHOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RESERVOIR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • AIR RAID SHELTER? (Early 20th Century to 21st Century - 1901 AD to 2100 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Unpublished Document: Rose, E.. 2002. Site visit notes.
---Photograph: Rose, E.. 2002. KGN 10-12.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N. and Wilson, B. 1997. Norfolk 1: Norwich and North-East. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. p 368.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2001. [Articles regarding the fire at The Orchards, Aylsham].
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2002. The orchards will bloom again. 3 October.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2001. [Photograph of The Orchards, Aylsham]. 14 May.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1990-2013. English Heritage Listing Notification. Notification. DNF1634.
<S1>Designation: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1249156.
<S2>Unpublished Document: Taigel, A. 1997. Norfolk Gardens Trust: Town Gardens Survey - Volume One. Norfolk Gardens Trust.
<S3>Unpublished Contractor Report: Adams, D. 2002. Report on an archaeological evaluation at The Orchards, Aylsham, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 734.

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