Record Details

NHER Number:31393
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval remains at 74 to 78 Norfolk Street/Austin Street

Summary

Detailed archaeological investigations have taken place on this site revealing extensive evidence of medieval and post medieval occupation and industrial activities. Several structures have been excavated, including a blacksmith's workshop, and evidence of other medieval industries have been recovered. The evidence found here relating to fish-hook manufacture between 1250 and 1350 AD is of international significance.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 6213 2033
Map Sheet:TF62SW
Parish:KING’S LYNN, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1995. NAU watching brief.
Site archive, received March 1999, states that in the main only late post medieval garden soils were encountered. A wall containing 'limestone and sandstone' was taken to be a division between late post medieval properties. However another wall of massive proportions was suggested as a medieval quayside wall.
See (S1).
E. Rose (NLA), 15 March 1999.

September 2000. APS evaluation. Trial trenching. Contexts 100-296.
Revealed alluvial deposits, medieval pits, medieval dumped deposits (?floors), post medieval dumped deposits and a building cellar.
Finds include evidence of 13th century fish hook manufacture and horn working debris.
See report in file (S2).
See also (S7).
D. Gurney (NLA), 29 January 2001.

July - August 2001. APS excavation. From context 301-2185.
Revealed extensive evidence for medieval occupation and industry, still in use in post medieval.
Medieval structures including a smithy and other craft/industrial activities including woodworking, bone working, copper working and perhaps brewing.
122 pits.
Medieval and post medieval pottery, metalwork and metalworking debris, and household items, knives, tools, coins, tokens, dress accessories and horseshoes. Also leather and wooden objects, stonework, clay pipes, spindle whorls, and faunal remains.
See (S3), (S4) and (S5).
See also (S6).
J. Allen (NLA), 20 June 2001.

See also digital images of the 2001 excavations (S5).
D. Gurney (NLA), 17 January 2007.

Work on the excavation project (application 2/99/0401/F) has been completed as far as the assessment phase.
For more information on the planning history of this site, see the secondary file.
Archive deposited with NM&AS.
D. Gurney (HES), 12 August 2011.

Monument Types

  • BLACKSMITHS WORKSHOP (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOUNDARY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BREWERY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLOOR (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HEARTH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HORN WORKING SITE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • INDUSTRIAL SITE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • IRON WORKS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WALL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • NAIL (Unknown date)
  • PLANT MACRO REMAINS (Undated)
  • QUERN (Unknown date)
  • SHOE (Unknown date)
  • WASTE (Unknown date)
  • WASTE (Unknown date)
  • WASTE (Unknown date)
  • WHETSTONE (Unknown date)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOWL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CHISEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FISH HOOK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HAMMER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HORSESHOE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • LID (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • NEEDLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SHEARS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SHOE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SLAG (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SLAG (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEFT BEATER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WHETSTONE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BUTTON (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CAME (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DISC (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOBACCO PIPE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WIG CURLER (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Newspaper Article: Lynn News. 2000. 14 November.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: Shelley, A.. 1995. NAU Report No. 403. Results of a Watching Brief at 74-78 Norfolk Street, King's Lynn..
<S2>Unpublished document: Cope-Faulkner, P.. 2000. Archaeological Project Services Report No. 162/00. Archaeological Evaluation of land between Austin Street and Norfolk Street, King's Lynn, Norfolk..
<S3>Unpublished document: Cope-Faulkner, P.. 2005. Archaeological Project Services Report No. 182/04. Assessment of the Archaeological Remains from Excavations at Norfolk Street, King's Lynn, Norfolk..
<S4>Unpublished document: Taylor, G., Lane, T. and Cope-Faulkner, P.. 2005. Archaeological Project Services Updated Project Design. Archaeological Excavations at Norfolk Street, King's Lynn, Norfolk (31393 KLY)..
<S5>Digital archive: Elfleet, K.. 2001.
<S5>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2001. Dig stirs town's deep sea history. 23 August.
<S6>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2002. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk, 2001. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIV Pt I pp 162-177. p 168.
<S7>Article in serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 2001. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 2000. Norfolk Archaeology. XLIII Pt IV pp 707-728. p 714.

Related records - none

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