Record Details

NHER Number:30620
Type of record:Monument
Name:Earthworks of medieval to post medieval enclosures, fields and platforms

Summary

Earthworks of medieval to post medieval enclosures and platforms are visible on aerial photographs. An earthworks survey identified a series of rectangular enclosures, tofts and some building platforms on a terrace overlooking the Waveney marshes and partly abutting a common edge. Many fragments of medieval and some Roman pottery has been found here.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TM 3789 9145
Map Sheet:TM39SE
Parish:ELLINGHAM, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

29 September 1981. Ordnance Survey air photography.
Earthworks noted by B.Cushion (NLA) and shown to E. Rose (NLA) May 1994.
Rectangular earthwork enclosure, possible moat. Faint traces of possible outer enclosures to south.
Copy of (S1) in file.
E. Rose (NLA), 27 May 1994.

November 1997. Earthwork Survey.
Survey of earthworks on Geldeston Marshes, south of Dairy Farm.
Site extended to west to encompass 8.9 hectares, comprising series of medieval enclosures with some building platforms on a terrace overlooking the Waveney marshes and partly abutting a common edge.
See report (S2) for plan and further details. This site was included in (S5) and the survey is also noted in and (S3).
Pottery identified by A. Rogerson (NLA).
General scatter found by and held by tenant farmer:
One largish sherd early Roman micaceous greyware, with carinations.
One body sherd greyware with red inclusions ?Roman.
Two bowl rims and ten body sherds medieval unglazed including large sherds.
One body sherd Glazed Grimston.
One body sherd medieval glazed.
One 16th century stoneware.
For contexts see (S4).
Context 1:
Four medieval unglazed (three body sherds, one bowl rim).
Context 2:
One medieval unglazed body sherd.
Context 3:
One medieval unglazed jar rim.
Context 4:
One body sherd grogged, undatable pre medieval.
One body sherd medieval unglazed.
One late medieval glazed (late medieval/transitional?).
Context 5:
One base, medieval glazed or late medieval/transitional.
Context 6:
Three Roman greyware including one base.
One base and two body sherds medieval unglazed.
Context 7:
One late medieval/transitional body sherd.
One glazed red earthenware base.
Two post medieval tile/brick fragments.
Context 8:
One base and two body sherds medieval unglazed.
One jug rim, medieval unglazed.
One body sherd Glazed Grimston.
Eight late medieval/early post medieval roofing tile.
Two post medieval roofing tiles.
One brick fragment, ?post medieval.
B. Cushion (NLA), November 1997.

August 2000. Visit.
Earthworks partly obscured by summer grass.
H. Paterson (A&E), 8 September 2000.

October 2006. Norfolk NMP
Earthworks of medieval to post medieval enclosures and platforms are visible on aerial photographs (S1, S6-S8). The central grid reference for these earthworks has been amended from TM 3810 9135 to TM 3788 9142. A group of rectilinear enclosure earthworks are present on a roughly west to east axis to the south of Dairy Farm at Ellingham. These earthworks have previously been surveyed on the ground and detailed discussion of their form can be found in (S5). The western part of the group of earthworks comprises of a series of roughly north to south aligned fields. These measure 126m long by 30m wide. Two rectangular enclosures containing possible building platforms are present at the southern end of two of these fields. The largest of these has dimensions of 42m by 38m. The central part of this group of earthworks contains a complex cluster of small rectilinear enclosures. The smallest of these have internal dimensions of 12m by 27m. The eastern part of the group contains earthworks of four adjoining rectilinear enclosures. These are present on a roughly west to east axis and range in size from 23m by 27m to 26m by 48m. To their north are rectilinear fields that are defined by narrower ditches. These enclosures are located on the edge of the terrace of the River Waveney and are likely to relate to medieval to post medieval settlement and agricultural activity. Their southern limit marked the extent of common land called Ellingham Marsh on Faden’s 1797 Map of Norfolk (S9). Similar enclosures are present in Geldeston parish 1.5km to the east (NHER 32989).
J. Albone (NMP), 23 October 2006

Monument Types

  • BUILDING PLATFORM (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CAUSEWAY (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FIELD (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MOAT? (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1981. OS/81100 136 29-SEP-1981.
<S2>Unpublished Report: Cushion, B. 1997. Ellingham SMR 30620. Earthwork Survey Report.
<S3>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. (eds). 1998. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk 1997. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLIII Pt I pp 193-210. p 196.
<S4>Map: Finder's Map..
<S5>Monograph: Cushion, B. and Davison, A. 2003. Earthworks of Norfolk. East Anglian Archaeology. No 104. p 35.
<S6>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1945. RAF 106G/UK/930 4096-7 16-OCT-1945 (NHER TM 3792A-B).
<S7>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1716 3088-9 06-SEP-1946 (NHER TM 3790A / TM 3890A).
<S8>Vertical Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. 1980. CUCAP RC8-DI 188-9 23-JAN-1980 (CUCAP).
<S9>Publication: Faden, W. and Barringer, J. C. 1989. Faden's Map of Norfolk in 1797.

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