Record Details

NHER Number:29031
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cropmark of medieval church, East Rudham

Summary

A large cruciform church, with an apsidal east end, is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs. This may be the original site of St Mary's Priory, NHER 3632, which moved to Coxford in the early 13th century, or the site of an early medieval parish church. Roman brooches, and Early Saxon shield mount, a Middle Saxon coin and Late Saxon metalwork including brooches, a strap end and a Viking bird brooch have been found by metal detecting. Late Saxon and medieval pottery, and medieval and post medieval coins have also been found.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF82NW
Parish:EAST RUDHAM, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

29 June 1992. NAU Air Photography.
Cruciform church with apsidal east end and possible chapel on south side of chancel.
Cut by later field boundary.
Copy of print in file
D. Edwards (NLA) 1 July 1992.

Coxford Priory was founded in East Rudham village and moved to its present site (NHER 3632) in 1216.
Is this the original priory church?
E. Rose (NLA), 3 July 1992.

But [1] suggests it is the site of Boycodeswade Hospital (see NHER 3634).
If so, where was the 'wade' or ford?
However [1] later abandoned idea and suggests instead it is the site of a second parish church of East Rudham, see notes in file.

16 November 1992.
Site visit, and details from owner.
See report in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 16 November 1992.

1992/3.
Area of cropmarks detected and fieldwalked.
No metalwork finds worthy of record, except 1 medieval buckle.
Late Saxon and medieval sherds found.
Details in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 July 1993.

February 1995. Metal detecting.
Late Saxon box mount. One hole in trefoil apex. Copper alloy rivet with circular rove, through hole in centre of flange at base. Flange is shorter than base. Iron stain on reverse. Cast quadruped in relief.
Identified by A. Rogerson (NLA), 25 March 1995.

April 1995. Metal detecting.
Fragment cast, probably medieval, copper alloy hammer, end of.
Identified by S. Margeson (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 29 May 1995.

April 1995.
Found at same time as hammer.
Medieval coin and post medieval token.
See lists in file (with grid references).
Identified by J. Davies (NCM).
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 June 1995.

September 1995. Metal detecting.
In southeast and northeast part of field.
Medieval and post medieval coins.
Late Saxon and Roman brooches.
?Medieval buckle.
Details in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 30 October 1995.

October 1996. Metal detecting.
Large ornate Late Saxon strap end.
See detailed description by H. Geake (NCM) in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 2 December 1996.

September 1997. Metal detecting.
Middle Saxon coin.
Late Saxon Viking bird brooch, (S1).
See lists in file.
To be drawn and photographed.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 1 November 1997.

1994 to 1996. Metal detecting.
Late Saxon and medieval sherds
Medieval lead ?pot mend.
See details in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 1 June 1999.

January 1999.
Piece of medieval window glass.
Sent to [2] for comment.
See [2]'s notes in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 27 February 1999.

January 2000. Metal detecting.
Fragment of Early Saxon ?shield mount, (S2).
See description and drawing in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA) 7 March 2000.

19 July 1996. NLA air photography.
Parchmark of apsidal church and later field boundary showing clearly in crop.
S. Massey (NLA), 1 May 2001.

29 July 1996. NLA air photography.
Cropmarks visible, can clearly see church outline.
H. Clare (NLA), 2 May 2001.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • CHURCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HOSPITAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PRIORY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SHIELD (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BOX (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HAMMER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RIVET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STAINED GLASS (WINDOW) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TOKEN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). TF 8228A-E,K-W,AB-AF.
---Monograph: Wade-Martins, P.. 1999. Norfolk from the Air.. Volume 2.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TF8228/AG - AQ.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1994. TF8228/AR - AY.
---Photograph: JJA 20, 21, sceat late porcupine..
---Photograph: JJA 22, 23, 24,Middle/Late Saxon bird brooch..
---Photograph: JHT 26, 27, Late Saxon openwork strap-end..
---Photograph: 1995. LCJ 7-8, Borre style borroch.
---Photograph: 1995. LDE 7-9, Late Saxon box mount..
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Illustration: White, S.. 1997. Drawing of a Late Saxon copper alloy bird brooch.. Film. 2:1.
<S2>Illustration: Holness, A.. 2000. Drawing of a possible Early Saxon shiled mount fragment.. Film. 2:1.

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