Record Details

NHER Number:25435
Type of record:Monument
Name:Cropmarks of medieval enclosure and medieval finds


A large enclosure, probably of medieval date, is visible as a cropmark on aerial photographs. The enclosure may be the remains of a medieval moat. Medieval pottery, oyster shells and post medieval clay pipe were found during the construction of a new gas pipeline.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 9544 1319
Map Sheet:TF91SE

Full description

March 1946. RAF air photography.
Shows sub-circular feature as probable slight earthwork in what appears to be re-seeded grass.
B. Cushion (NLA), 27 August 1998.

July to August 1989. Watching Brief.
Bushey Common to Saham Grove Gas Pipeline (Area 3).
Route walked following removal of topsoil and excavation of pipe trench monitored.
Large pits seen in section below much medieval pottery.
Other finds included oyster shells and clay pipe stem.
Finds donated to Norwich Castle Museum.
See report (S1) for full details, finds lists and section drawings.
E. Rose (NAU) 31 August 1989. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 24 March 2015.

10 July 1992. NLA air photography.
Revealed a large subrectangular or subcircular enclosure consisting of two dark lines separated by a light band (?infilled moat?) on the site where the pits and concentrations of medieval pottery were seen in the pipe trench.
M. Flitcroft, D. Edwards & E. Rose (NLA),18 April 1994.

Monument Types

  • CIRCULAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • CIRCULAR ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • MOAT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • MOLLUSCA REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). TF 9513A,B.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Report: Davies, J. 1989. A watching brief on the construction and laying of a gas pipeline between the parishes of Gressenhall and Shipdham, July to August 1989. Norfolk Archaeological Unit Report.

Related records - none

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