Record Details

NHER Number:23916
Type of record:Monument
Name:Site of Bronze Age ring ditch and Roman settlement and Roman marching camp

Summary

This is the site of a ring ditch, probably dating to the Bronze Age, and a Roman marching camp, which also extends into site NHER 20130, which are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. This is also the site of a Roman settlement. Prehistoric flints and fragments of pottery dating from the late prehistoric to the post medieval periods have been found by fieldwalking.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 718 043
Map Sheet:TF70SW
Parish:BARTON BENDISH, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

3 December 1986 and 2 February 1987.
Sites BB 334 to 341 and 449 to 50, contexts 2 to 11.
Excludes sites NHER 20128 and NHER 20129 not rewalked.
Fieldwalking good conditions, winter cereal.
Worked flints.
Prehistoric sherds.
Roman sherds including oxidised, colourcoated, shelly.
Late Saxon sherds - Thetford.
Medieval sherds including Late medieval/Trans and Grimston.
Medieval roof tile; copper alloy cauldron rim-handle.
Ipswich ware Middle Saxon.
Post medieval sherds.
See full list in file and details and plan in file.
Identified A. Rogerson (NAU)
E. Rose (NAU) 12 August 1987.

1 July 1976, photos seen NAU 1996.
South end of field; cropmark (Context 12) of rectangular enclosure, continuing into site NHER 20130 to south.
Interpreted as Roman marching camp.
Also Context 13; ring ditch (20m contour).
Copy of photograph and plot in file.
D. Voisey (NAU), D. Edwards (NLA) and E. Rose (NLA) 13 November 1996.

Monument Types

  • RING DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • SITE (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SITE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TEMPORARY CAMP (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds

  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • CAULDRON (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • Higher Level Stewardship

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1964. OS 66.125.453.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 334. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 335. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 336. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 337. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 338. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 339. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 340. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 341. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 449. BB.
---*Fieldwork: Barton Bendish Survey. 450. BB.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 76-125-454.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 76-125-454.
---Aerial Photograph: OS 76-125-.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.

Related records - none

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