Record Details

NHER Number:21508
Type of record:Building
Name:25 South Quay

Summary

A 17th century house, dated 1644, which was remodelled in the late 18th century. Some of the rooms have 17th century wood panelling. A contemporary drain or well was found to the rear of the house in 2001. This was the home of Benjamin England, who was Mayor of Great Yarmouth in the late 17th and early 18th centuries.

Images

  • No image caption available  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:TG 5242 0718
Map Sheet:TG50NW
Parish:GREAT YARMOUTH, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK

Full description

17th century red brick house, altered in 18th and 19th century but many original features. First storey facade has old diaper brickwork; ground floor stuccoed. Home of Benjamin England (bailiff and mayor at various dates 1676 to 1711). 3 storeys, 4 bays with 19th century windows. Tuscan doorcase. Raised brick band at 1st storey. Slate roof with modillion eaves cornice. Rear of red brick with 17th century brick pediments, 2 to each storey; on 1st storey these have ornamental wall ties, and between them is stone panel inscribed '1644 EGS' with town arms. North and south gables rebuilt but lower part north wall of original brick and flint with 17th century moulded door frame dated 1644. North gable has old reset wall ties from building. Double pitched roof, pantiles to rear.
See (S1).
Borough council note there is a basement.
E. Rose (NAU) 8 July 1985.

Visited by E. Rose (NAU) 18 July 1984.
Description above confirmed, except that rear of building not accessible. Basement examined. Red brick walled and floored rectangular room, under front pile of building (apparently), seems 17th century. Divided into two east to west rooms by wall of 18th or 19th century brick. North section has group of 18th/19th century winebins south section has older type of winebin, and in east and west walls two structures (one in each) resembling fireplaces with wooden arched bressumers, but eastern has been filled in with later? brick barrel vault, and western has only narrow slit for a chimney, which would be beneath street façade, is this therefore a blocked hatchway? Whole cellar crossed by plain chamfered beams (4? in all)
rotten, and to be replaced by RSJ's.
E. Rose (NAU) 22 July 1985.

There are instance of fireplaces in basements in Great Yarmouth being used to smoke herrings.
Upgraded to II* 1997. See (S1) for more details of 18th century alterations, 17th/18th century panelling etc.
E. Rose (NLA) 18 February 1997.

Description revised again for 1998 listing, see (S1).
This time it adds five upper crucks in roof and that all the first floor beams are double roll moulded.
If this term is being used in its usual sense, then this is a remarkably late occurence of the style.
E. Rose (NLA) 23 March 1999.

August 2000. Source [1] reports finding to rear of house a well, 45cm wide, from which led a 'tunnel' 91cm square, 2.4m to 3m long, filled with 50cm of water and 61cm high above water line.
The depth of the water in the well was not measured. The tunnel led in the direction of the house. Contemporary drain?
E. Rose (NLA) 13 September 2000.

Monument Types

  • DRAIN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOUSE (17th Century to 21st Century - 1644 AD to 2100 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N. and Wilson, B. 1997. Norfolk 1: Norwich and North-East. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. p 514.
<S1>Designation: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1245803.

Related records

MNO3989Related to: 25 South Quay GREAT YARMOUTH (Revoked)

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