Record Details

NHER Number:2035
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible medieval inn on site of Anglican shrine

Summary

A medieval building was excavated here in the 1930s. It was originally claimed to be an early Holy House. Finds including medieval pottery, 16th century shoe soles and several wine jugs suggests this is incorrect. The building may have been an inn. A well was also excavated at the site. A mould for making white hart badges was found in the well. Documentary evidence from nearby St Mary's priory (NHER 2029) suggests that one man was in charge of giving out alms to the poor. His house (almonry) was recorded as being near a well. Therefore it is possible that the structure is the almonry.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 9355 3689
Map Sheet:TF93NW
Parish:WALSINGHAM, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1931 to 1937. Excavation of building partly under the Anglican shrine.
Claimed as the original 'Holy House'.
See (S1).

But (S2) says evidently domestic. A building three bays in length, 4.88m to 5.49m (16 to 18 feet) wide, was found; nearby a well blocked with clay contained a Rhenish jug, 'an old knife' and several 16th century shoe soles.

1937. Further clearance of the building.
Revealed black wood and twigs on the floor, iron ring with ?fittings, two keys, and 14th century to 16th century glazed tiles. 'Further wine jugs and sherds' were found 'outside'. (S2) gives documentary evidence why this cannot be the shrine. R. R. Clarke (NCM) suggested it was a hostelry.

Expansion of NCM card from sources.
E. Rose (NAU), 2 November 1981.

1947.
15th century window found in demolishing cottage to expand shrine in 1947.
See (S3).

Several fragments from monastic ruins all over Norfolk are built into Anglican shrine.
E. Rose (NAU), 2 November 1981.

(S4) suggests the well under the Anglican shrine is the 'well called Cabbokeswell' mentioned in a deed of 1387 (Cartulary fo 27, imperfectly reproduced in (S5)). It appears an almonry was constructed nearby, possibly the foundation discovered belonged to this. A mould for making white hart badges was found in the well.
See (S6).
Information from E. B. Green (NCM).
E. Rose (NAU), 3 March 1987.

The mould was found in deepening the well in 1971 and is now in St Peter Hungate.

Monument Types

  • ALMONRY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • INN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLOOR TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • MOULD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • RING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLOOR TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • RING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SHOE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Leaflet: 1962. The Story of Walsingham's shrine..
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2011. It's 1061 and all that again in Walsingham. 30 May.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2011. Fight corner for the most vulnerable, pilgrims urged. 31 May.
---(No record type): Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Walsingham (Little).
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Monograph: Patten, A.H.. 1938. An account of some recent discoveries on the site of the shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham, Norfolk..
<S2>Article in serial: Bond, H. A. 1956. Walsingham Topography. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXI pp 359-366. pp 363-365.
<S3>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1977. 30 years ago.. 7 December.
<S4>Monograph: Dickenson, J.C.. 1956. The Shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham.. p 13 footnote. p 13 footnote.
<S5>Serial: 1856. Archaeological Journal. VolXIII. vol.XIII p.131. p 131.
<S6>Illustration: Mould from Little Walsingham Anglican Shrine Well..

Related records - none

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