Record Details

NHER Number:172
Type of record:Building
Name:Bacon's House, 31 Colegate


A former house, now divided into a house, office, club and flats. It started as a 15th century range on St George's Street, added to in an anti-clockwise direction in the 16th and 17th centuries until it became a courtyard house, the north range of which has now gone. The house is named after Henry Bacon, twice mayor of Norwich, who died in 1567. His merchant's mark appears on the left doorway.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 23030 09037
Map Sheet:TG20NW

Full description

Includes numbers 35 to 39 St Georges Street and 11, 12 and 13 Lowes Yard.
Former house now divided into house, office, club and flats.
15th century range in St Georges Street added to, in anti-clockwise direction, in the 16th, 17th and later alterations. 20th century renovation.
Flint with stone dressings. Brick. Timber frame south and east ranges first floor. Pantile roofs. Large courtyard house, north range demolished.
South range: first floor jettied. Small four-light casement left of central door with plaque above displaying the merchants mark of Henry Bacon.
West range: two storeys. Gable end at right with 19th century grid pattern brickwork.

August 1974. Excavation for Norwich Survey.
11th to 12th century occupation with industrial activity.
13th to 16th century yard surfaces and pits from back yards of houses fronting onto St Georges Street or Colegate.
Bell pit containing late 15th century Hispano-Moresque pottery.
Bacons House built on top of up to 100cm thick soil makeup.
Lowest levels contained bottoms of two barrel-lined wells.
'Architectural stonework'; large quantities incorporated in walls of Bacon's house and its associated outbuildings.
No trace of the western ditch of north Saxon defences.

1977. Pipe trench. No finds.
For further details see file.

Former schedule (now descheduled) in file. E. Rose (NAU)

(S1) mentions discovery of a roll moulded shop door and other features in 1990.

1970s or 1980s. Norwich Survey.
15th century and later house.
See (S2), includes (S3) and historical notes.
T.E. Miller (NLA), 3 March 2004.

Monument Types

  • BELL PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CESS PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • YARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TIMBER FRAMED HOUSE (Medieval to Modern - 1400 AD to 2050 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Article in serial: Roberts, J. P., Donaldson, P., Cleary, E. and Dunmore, S. L. 1975. Excavations in Norwich - 1974. The Nowich Survey - Fourth Interim Report. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXXVI Pt II pp 99-110. pp 108-109.
---Scheduling record: English Heritage. List of Buildings of Historical and Architectural Interest.
---Photograph: Unknown. Unknown photograph.
---Unpublished document: NCM Staff. 1973-1989. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card - Norwich.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Monograph: English Heritage. 1987. Scheduled Ancient Monuments Record: Norfolk.
<S1>Article in serial: Smith, R. 1996. Garsett House. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLII Pt III pp 362-373. p 362.
<S2>Unpublished document: Carter, A.. Building Survey.
<S3>Graphic material: Various. Various. Architectural plans..

Related records

Site 1612Parent of: Bacons House, 31 Colegate (Monument)
Site 2038Parent of: Bacons House, 31 Colegate (Monument)
Site 2039Parent of: Bacons House, 31 Colegate (Monument)

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