Record Details

NHER Number:16972
Type of record:Monument
Name:World War Two pillbox with anti-aircraft machine gun mounting

Summary

This World War Two pillbox has an anti-aircraft machine gun mounting. It is one of only two of its type to survive in Norfolk. Aerial photographs show that in 1940 a barrier blocked the track to the east of the pillbox and that there was probably an associated sentry box.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 3743 3150
Map Sheet:TG33SE
Parish:HAPPISBURGH, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Pillbox. First located by Pillbox Survey.
Seen only in distance by E. Rose (NAU) as access could not be obtained; apparent location.
E. Rose (NAU), 14 January 1981.

See record form (S1) in file by [1], who adds: Very rare type 27/6/X pillbox designed for ground and anti-aircraft defence. Circular central well where a light machine gun was mounted. Date 1940. Only two surviving in Norfolk.
D. Walker (NLA) August 1996.

September 2004. Norfolk NMP.
Extant World War Two type 27 pillbox is visible on aerial photographs ((S2) to (S5)). The grid reference for this pillbox has been changed from TG 3742 3146 to TG 3744 3150. Aerial photographs dating to July and August 1941 clearly show the circular central well in this pillbox for the light anti-aircraft gun mounting ((S2) to (S3)). At that date a barrier extended across the road and a small structure was present on the opposite side to the pillbox (S2). It is likely that this was a sentry box and road block at the entrance to the gun battery site (NHER 18472). The pillbox is a hexagonal type 27, rather than the usual octagonal form. A further two hexagonal type 27 pillboxes were originally present around the gun battery site. These and surrounding barbed wire defences are recorded as part of NHER 18472.
J. Albone (NMP), 9 September 2004.

December 2004. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Survey. Land based survey (see NHER 41019). Context 25.
The pillbox was monitored. It is located in the northern part of a garden.
See (S6).
D. Robertson (NLA), 17 February 2006.

Monument Types

  • PILLBOX (TYPE FW3/27) (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • PILLBOX (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • ROAD BLOCK (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • ROADBLOCK (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • SENTRY BOX (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey record form.
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1941. RAF S/358 1-2 30-JUL-1941 (NMR).
<S3>Oblique Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1941. NMR TG 3731/1 (MSO 31255 S378/H50 56) 07-AUG-1941.
<S4>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1992. NHER TG 3731F (NLA 302/GJV1) 03-JUN-1992.
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Environment Agency. 2002. EA 040 AF/02C/339 6981-2 22-JUL-2002 (EA).
<S6>Unpublished document: Robertson, D., Crawley, P., Barker, A., and Whitmore, S.. 2005. NAU Report No. 1045. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design.. p 133 and fig 59.

Related records - none

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