Record Details

NHER Number:16971
Type of record:Monument
Name:World War Two heavy machine gun pillbox

Summary

A rare World War Two heavy machine gun pillbox is located to the north of St Mary's Church (NHER 7091). Aerial photographs show that during World War Two it was surrounded by barbed wire obstructions (see NHER 38786).

Images

  • A rare example of a World War Two heavy machine gun pillbox  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:TG 3800 3125
Map Sheet:TG33SE
Parish:HAPPISBURGH, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Pillbox. Square, of brick with concrete roof. First reported by Pillbox Survey.
Accurately located by E. Rose (NAU), 14 January 1981.

See record form (S1) in file by source [1], who adds: Very rare 1940 heavy machine gun post (type HMG/3).
D. Walker (NLA) August 1996.

September 2004. Norfolk NMP.
An extant World War Two pillbox is visible on aerial photographs ((S2) to (S3)). The exact location of this pillbox is TG 38005 31255. This structure is not square, but has at least one angled corner on its northwest side. Its position in the hedgerow means that it is not visible on World War Two aerial photographs, although a curve in the surrounding barbed wire (recorded as part of NHER 38786) confirms its presence. See also other adjacent World War Two defences (NHER 38786 and 38784).
J. Albone (NMP), 8 September 2004.

December 2004. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Survey. Land based survey (see NHER 41019). Context 1.
The pillbox was monitored. It is built into a field boundary bank.
See (S4).
D. Robertson (NLA), 17 February 2006.

Monument Types

  • GUN EMPLACEMENT (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)
  • PILLBOX (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished document: Norfolk Defensive Structures Survey record form.
<S2>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1983. NHER TG 3731A-C (NLA 131/ASP16-18) 15-APR-1983.
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Environment Agency. 2002. EA 040 AF/02C/339 6982-3 22-JUL-2002 (EA).
<S4>Unpublished document: Robertson, D., Crawley, P., Barker, A., and Whitmore, S.. 2005. NAU Report No. 1045. Norfolk Rapid Coastal Zone Archaeological Survey. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design.. p 132, fig 59.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2019 Norfolk Historic Environment Service