Record Details

NHER Number:15768
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible Roman road

Summary

A possible Roman road was identified from aerial photographs of this site. Excavations during work by Anglian Water in 1980 identified a gravel spread over natural sand with ditches on each side. However, later excavations by NAU during the development of the Norwich southern bypass across the line of the feature revealed no traces of the road. See NHER 54453.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 1682 1001
Map Sheet:TG11SE
Parish:BAWBURGH, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK
COSTESSEY, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1976.
Cropmark of suggested road.

1980. Trial excavations and observation of commercial excavations.
See details, field notes, plans, photographs in file.
E. Rose (NAU), 16 March 1990.

August 2010. Norfolk NMP.
Linear cropmarks have been mapped that appear to correspond with all three of the previously record sections of this possible road - see NHERs 54453 and 54443. It should however be noted that the cropmarks thought to potentially represent the westernmost section of the road (NHER 54453) also correspond with the boundary of an area of woodland shown on the late 19th-century 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map.
P. Watkins (HES), 29 March 2019.

November/December 2014. Trial Trenching.
Evaluation of proposed development site to south of Lodge Farm.
This work saw a number of trenches placed across the westernmost cropmarks. These revealed a number of corresponding ditches but unfortunately no dating evidence was recovered.
See NHER 61954 and report (S4) for further details.
P. Watkins (HES), 29 March 2019.

Monument Types

  • ROAD (Unknown date)
  • ROAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D, NLA. 1976. NHER TG 1709A-B (NLA 32/AFZ18-19) 13-JUL-1976.
<S2>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D, NLA. 1976. NHER TG 1709C-G (NLA 27/AEX1-7) 29-JUN-1976.
<S3>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D, NLA. 1977. NHER TG 1809C (NLA 121/2) 20-JUL-1977.
<S4>Unpublished Contractor Report: Earley, J. and Egan, S. 2015. Lodge Farm Phase 2, Dereham Road, Costessey, Norfolk (Phases 1 & 2). An Archaeological Evaluation (Trial Trenching). Archaeological Solutions. 4493.

Related records - none

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