Record Details

NHER Number:156
Type of record:Monument
Name:Late Saxon metal smelting and occupation, medieval occupation, World's End Lane, Bishopgate

Summary

Excavations in 1972 on this site revealed a number of features from the Late Saxon period onwards. This includes Late Saxon rubbish pits, buildings, post holes, hearth and metal smelting site. During the medieval period this site appears to have been in use in part for bell casting, probably during the 12th to 13th centuries. Two large pits, yard surfaces and the possible ditched boundary of the 10th century burgh of Norwich were also noted, as well as a number of small finds from the Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval periods.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2354 0915
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

Gasworks 1972. Excavations by A. Carter for Norwich Survey.
Residual sherds of Ipswich and Badorf relief band amphorae in Late Saxon/Early medieval context.
Remains of two buildings of post-hole and trench construction.
Rubbish pits, Late Saxon date?

July - August 1972. Norwich Survey excavation on site of Palace Plain Gasworks.
Evidence of Late Saxon occupation (hut with post-holes, hearth, etc.) and metal smelting and later (Medieval) yard surfaces; also two large pits on suggested line of ditch of 10th century burh. Pottery and small finds of Roman (tile and one sherd) Late Saxon, medieval and post medieval date. [1]
Compiled by J. Roberts.

Excavations above also revealed evidence for 12th/13th century bell casting.
See (S1).
J. Allen (NLA), 8 June 2004.

Monument Types

  • BUILDING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • HEARTH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • METAL WORKING SITE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • PIT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BELL CASTING PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOUNDARY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CESS PIT (Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GULLY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HEARTH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • QUARRY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SLAG HEARTH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STAKE HOLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TIMBER FRAMED BUILDING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • YARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BOLT (LOCK) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COMB (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • COMB (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FISH HOOK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FLUTE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • HORSESHOE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ICE SKATE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PADLOCK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF SLAB (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SHOVEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SLAG (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SPINDLE WHORL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PENCIL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Article in serial: Webster, L. E. and Cherry, J. 1973 or 1974. Medieval Britain in 1972. Medieval Archaeology. Vol XVII (for 1973) pp 138-188. pp 169-170.
---Article in monograph: Carter, A. 1981. Norwich. Waterfront Archaeology in Britain and Northern Europe. CBA Res. Rep. No 41. Milne, G. and Hobley, B. pp 139-141. p 141.
---Monograph: Jennings, S. 1981. Eighteen Centuries of Pottery from Norwich. East Anglian Archaeology. No 13. p 252.
---Article in serial: Webster, L. E. and Cherry, J. 1973. Medieval Britain in 1971. Medieval Archaeology. Vol XVI (for 1972) pp 147-212. p 158.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman.
<S1>Article in monograph: Atkins, M. and Evans, D. H. 2002. Excavations in Northern Conesford, in and around the Cathedral Close. Excavations in Norwich 1971-1978 Part III. East Anglian Archaeology. Atkins, M. and Evans, D. H. No 100 pp 7-67.

Related records

Mon 602Parent of: Bishopgate North (Gasworks Site) (Monument)
Mon 603Parent of: Bishopgate North (Gasworks Site) (Monument)
Mon 604Parent of: Bishopgate North (Gasworks Site) (Monument)
Site 897Parent of: Bishopgate North (Monument)

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