Record Details

NHER Number:15275
Type of record:Monument
Name:Neolithic pit and two ditches

Summary

A possible ring ditch and two linear ditches are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. Excavation ahead of gravel quarrying in 1984 showed the ring ditch to be a natural feature, although an area of burnt flints and a pit containing Neolithic pottery and worked flint artefacts were found within it. The excavated parts of the ditches contained prehistoric worked flint, brick and a piece of medieval pottery.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 9375 1703
Map Sheet:TF91NW
Parish:BEESTON WITH BITTERING, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Air photograph.
Cropmark of ring ditch to south of present face of gravel extraction site at Beeston with Bittering (MW4).
See (S1).
D. Edwards (NAU), 12 September 1979.

21 June 1975. NAU air photograph.
(S2) shows a cropmark of trackway west of ring ditch, recorded separately under NHER 49695.
E. Rose (NAU), 3 August 1983.

November to December 1984.
'Trackway' revealed as double ditch.
Pit with Neolithic material found.
Medieval material.
E. Rose (NAU), 5 December 1984.

December 1984.
Excavation in advance of gravel quarrying revealed that the apparent ring ditch was natural periglacial feature. A shallow pit within it did contain several flint flakes and one sherd of Neolithic plain bowl pottery. Cropmarks of two linear features making a right-angled turn were sectioned and showed V-shaped ditches which had been recut at various times, although no dating evidence was found.
E. Rose (NAU), 5 December 1984 and J. Wymer (NAU), March 1986.

The medieval material mentioned above is one small coarse ware sherd found on spoil.
Full publication in (S3).

The excavated parts of the ditches contained prehistoric worked flint, brick and the piece of medieval pottery.
See (S3) for further details.
D. Robertson (NLA), 1 August 2005.

August 2007. Norfolk NMP
The possible trackway cropmark recorded at this site is now recorded as NHER 49695.
J. Albone (NMP), 24 August 2007

Monument Types

  • (Former Type) RING DITCH (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Undated)
  • DITCH (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)

Associated Finds

  • BRICK (Undated)
  • CHARCOAL (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • CORE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FLAKE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • HAMMERSTONE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT BOILER (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • WHETSTONE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Thesis: Garrow, D.. 2006. Pits, Settlement and Deposition during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in East Anglia. during the Neolithic and Early Pits, Settlement and Deposition during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in East Anglia.
---Slide: Various. Slide.
---Photograph: CXA 6-12.
<S1>Aerial Photograph: Anon. TF 9317C.
<S2>Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A.. 1975. NHER TF 9316G-H 21-JUN-1975.
<S3>Article in monograph: Wymer, J. J. and Healy, F. 1996. Neolithic and Bronze Age Activity and Settlement at Longham and Beeston with Bittering. Barrow Excavations in Norfolk, 1984-88. East Anglian Archaeology. Wymer, J. J. No 77 pp 28-53. p 36.

Related records - none

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