Record Details

NHER Number:149
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval and post medieval features and finds, 33-35 Pottergate

Summary

Excavations here in 1973 discovered evidence for extensive gravel quarrying in the 12th century followed by wide-scale building activity in the 1470s with intensive use for some 30 years reflected in foundations and cellars of five or more buildings fronting Pottergate. Buildings destroyed by fire, probably on 25th March 1509.Further buildings of 1520s or 1530s and c. 1650. Partial rebuilding in the 1760s but Pottergate frontage not totally built-up until c. 1820. Rich assemblages of finds recovered from fire debris.

Images

  • A medieval bone die from Pottergate, Norwich.  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service. NWHCM 1974.101.1502:A

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2279 0869
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

1973. Excavation for Norwich Survey.
Evidence of extensive gravel quarrying in the 12th century. Documentary evidence suggests intensive land-use c.1300 but this not supported by archaeological record. Wide-scale building activity in the 1470s with intensive use for some 30 years reflected in foundations and cellars of five or more buildings fronting Pottergate. Buildings destroyed by fire, probably on 25th March 1509.A subsidiary frontage on St Laurence's Lane built up in 1520s or 1530s but abandoned c. 1650 when west end of Pottergate frontage was re-occupied. At east end of the site both documentary and archaeolgical evidence for a partial rebuilding in the 1760s but Pottergate frontage not totally built-up until c. 1820.
Rich assemblages of finds recovered from fire debris.

19th century chalk mine beneath site.

See (S1) for further details

1974. Redevelopment.
Much material picked up from various pits.
Included 16th/17th century cess pit, with a lamp, iron scissors, iron trowel, glass beaker base, etc.
Finds held by NCM.

1975.
No more material recovered.

1976. Continuation of 1974 site.
No finds.

See file for further details.
W. Milligan (NCM).

Full publication in S1

Pottery also published in S2

Finds also pulbished in S3

Monument Types

  • HOUSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CESS PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • DENE HOLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • WHETSTONE (Undated)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DRINKING VESSEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • LAMP (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SCISSORS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SPADE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Unpublished document: NCM Staff. 1973-1989. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card - Norwich.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Article in monograph: Evans, D. H. and Carter, A. 1985. Excavations on 31-51 Pottergate (Site 149N). Excavations in Norwich 1971-1978; Part II. East Anglian Archaeology. Atkin, M., Carter, A. and Evans, D. H.. No 26 pp 9-85.
<S2>Article in serial: Jennings, S.. 1981. Eighteen centuries of pottery in Norwich. East Anglian Archaeology. 13.
<S3>Monograph: Margeson, S.. 1993. Norwich Households: Medieval and post-medieval finds from Norwich Survey Excavations 1971-1978.. East Anglian Archaeology. Vol 58.

Related records

Site 1788Parent of: 31-51 Pottergate (Monument)
Mon 850Parent of: 31-51 Pottergate (Monument)
Mon 851Parent of: 31-51 Pottergate (Monument)
Mon 852Parent of: 31-51 Pottergate (Monument)
Site 1789Parent of: 33-35 Pottergate (Monument)
Mon 1378Parent of: Block between St Gregorys Alley, St Laurence Lane, Pottergate and St Benedicts Street (Monument)

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