Record Details

NHER Number:13442
Type of record:Monument
Name:18th or 19th century brick kiln

Summary

An 18th or 19th century brick kiln, perhaps built to make bricks for Quebec Hall, could be seen in this field as a concentration of clay, brick tile and burnt soil. When water pipes were inserted here part of the flue of the brick kiln was excavated.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 9898 1469
Map Sheet:TF91SE
Parish:DEREHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

March 1978. Visit.
Arable field. Context 1. Roughly circular area about 5m in diameter. Centre 5m into field from point on road to southwest 45 m from northwest of southern hedge.
Context 2. Burnt clay, soil, brick and tile fragments. Brick kiln debris?
Context 3. 65m into field from same point. Similar area at bottom of eroded shallow pit, with fragments of coal as well. Tile and brick fragments too small to be retained, but certainly post medieval. Perhaps 18th or 19th century. Six medieval sherds, very worn, from field.
A. Rogerson (NAU), 14 March 1978.

7 April 1981. Water pipe trench cut through clay after topsoil removed, total depth 1.5m, width 1m.
Mass of brick fragments and burnt clay continued throughout section, on east fairly straight sided, on west sloping; alternate layers of burning and brick rubble. Base of trench cut through roof of barrel-vaulted brick passage filled with soil, probably the flue of a brick kiln. Two samples of brick and one burnt brick are in Gressenhall Museum. Was the kiln used to build Quebec Hall in late 18th century? The bricks are very friable with large flint inclusions. However, the kiln structure seemed more permanent than for a single job.
E. Rose (NAU), 7 April 1981.

2 April 1984. Second water pipe, parallel to the first but around 1.75m nearer the road to southwest.
Cut through kiln passage roof. Layers of brick and burnt clay were much less clear at this point. Tunnel found at the same depth and of the same dimensions as before. Lined with greeny brown glaze suggesting both coal and wood firing. Brickwork again seemed to date from around 1800. Kiln does not appear on any map so far traced. Explanation as for construction for Quebec Hall probably correct.
E. Rose (NAU), 3 April 1984.

1993. Hole dug to expose pipes.
Brick kiln arch seen in northwest side of trench and visible also in northeast side in northern half thereof.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 5 November 1993.

Almost certainly the same feature as seen in 1981.
E. Rose (NLA), 19 November 1993.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Medieval to 19th Century - 1066 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRICK KILN (17th Century to 19th Century - 1700 AD? to 1900 AD?)
  • HEARTH (17th Century to 19th Century - 1700 AD? to 1900 AD?)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRIQUETAGE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRIQUETAGE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PLANT REMAINS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.

Related records - none

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