Record Details

NHER Number:12772
Type of record:Monument
Name:Complex cropmarks

Summary

Interesting cropmarks can be seen on aerial photographs of this area. These appear to be a large ring ditch with causeways extending from it. This may be an unusual Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age hengiform monument. There are also a field system and at least one sub-rectangular enclosure. Ditches associated with the sub-rectangular enclosure were identified and excavated during the construction of the Aylsham Bypass in 1979, although, unfortunately, no clear dating evidence was recovered (see NHER 60062).

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2044 2909
Map Sheet:TG22NW
Parish:AYLSHAM, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

1976. Cropmarks on NAU air photographs.
Wide ring ditch with three causeways, at edge of complex including rectangular enclosure, and two parallel features like elongated squares running for nearly a mile across field boundaries and roads.
E. Rose (NLA), 11 September 1977.

1979. Fieldwalking and Excavation.
The area of the rectangular enclosure was investigated immediately prior to and during the construction of the Aylsham Bypass. Topsoil stripping revealed several ditches in the vicinity of the north and south corners of the enclosure, although it was unclear which related to the cropmark features. Little in the way of dating evidence was recovered during this excavation, although a Roman brooch was found in the ploughsoil within the interior of the enclosure during a preceding metal-detector survey.
See NHER 60062 for further details.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 21 May 2014.

Northwest end of cropmark complex extended from Cambridge University Committee for Aerial Photography air photographs.
E. Rose (NAU), 7 September 1987.

3 July 1990. NAU air photography.
Shows an apparent trackway following line of Aylsham to Ingworth parish boundary.
E. Rose (NLA), 6 September 1996.

26 June 1996. NLA air photography.
Cropmarks visible of 'causewayed ring ditch'. The plan of which is remarkably similar to an amphitheatre, although it is producing a positive cropmark. It may be a hengiform monument, although its plan isn't quite what you would expect.
Cropmarks of trackways and field system still showing. Also enclosure cut by route of road.
S. Massey (NLA), 24 September 2001.

19 July 1996. NLA air photography.
Cropmarks visible at TG 2010 2920 are probably part of this site, although outside the NHER map boundary.
M. Brennand (NLA), 22 August 2001.

Monument Types

  • CAUSEWAYED RING DITCH (Unknown date)
  • DITCH (Unknown date)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Unknown date)
  • HEARTH (Unknown date)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Unknown date)
  • RECTANGULAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • HENGIFORM MONUMENT? (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • CAUSEWAYED RING DITCH (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG 2029/J.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 2028K - N.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1996. TG 2029K; TG 2028G - H.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 22 NW 20.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.

Related records - none

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