Record Details

NHER Number:12003
Type of record:Building
Name:Dereham windmill

Summary

Dereham tower windmill was built in 1836. It was in use as a windmill until 1922 when the sails were taken off but continued to grind corn until the 1930s using a steam powered engine. The mill was partially restored and re-opened as a community exhibition centre on 7 September 2013.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 0034 1297
Map Sheet:TG01SW
Parish:DEREHAM, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Old windmill, ruinous in Cherry Lane. Probably early 19th century.

(S4) says built in 1830.

For sale by auction on 14 December 1837. Says it is a newly erected brick tower mill with five floors and running two pairs of stones (S1).

1973. Survey by Royal Commission for Historic Buildings.
Of five stages with much machinery remaining. Plaque on first floor inscribed 'W.R.Dell & Son, Mark Lane, London'. Another with 'Hambling Dereham' is probably from a later secondary engine.
See (S2).

1978. Visit.
Much the same condition as when RCHM survey was carried out. Machinery and millstones remain (one stone outside).
'Hambling' stamp is indeed on the drive for a petrol or steam engine from outside, but 'Dell' plaque seems to have gone. Full of rubbish and death watch beetle. Ruins of buildings to west.
E. Rose (NAU), 21 June 1978.

March 1979. First phase of restoration to include new windows, doors and flat roof. Says it was for for sale in 1836 as new, had a fixed steam engine by 1863 and the sails were removed in 1922. See (S8) and (S9).

'Newly erected' in 1836, last worked by wind 1922, afterwards paraffin. 'Dell' plate is on French Burr millstone. The Hambling machinery was brought from another mill (Hamblings worked 1850 to 1860 in Dereham).
Information from [1].
E. Rose (NAU), 2 February 1982.

1986. Restoration of mill with refurbished curb ring, cap, sails and fantail.
See (S12) and (S13).

1987. Restoration.
Sails, cap and fantail restored in 1987 by [2].
E. Rose (NAU), 22 September 1987.

January 1988.
Plan to turn mill into a tourist attraction and install flood lighting to reduced vandalism, see (S14).
A. Rix (HES), 20 October 2011.

June 1989.
Newly restored mill opens to the public. See (S15) and (S16).
A. Rix (HES), 20 October 2011.

Mill to be kept locked when unsupervised (S19).
Mill to be open all week as more volunteers have come forward (S20).
Sails to be turned quarterly to prevent damage to the brickwork (S21).

Plan to preserve the future of the mill whilst looking for a new owner (S23) and (S24).

Mill to reopen to the public after a new Friends group formed (S25) and (S26).

2002 leaflet produced by Breckland Council on the mill (S27).

2003, Survey by Millwright.
List of repairs drawn up for the mill including repairs to the cap and sails.
See (S28) for further information.
A. Rix (HES), 20 October 2011.

2005.
Transferred to Dereham Town Council ownership in 2001 and awaiting lottery funding to continue restoration to working order (S29).
M. Dennis (NLA), 3rd November 2005.

2010.
Money for restoration work has not been found. Instead, the mill will be made structurally sound and boarded up.
See (S30) and (S31) for further details,
H. White (NLA), 25 February 2010

Carved into a 1st floor beam is "E. Saul 2nd Sept '46". Assuming it means 1846, it is the earliest solid date for the mill.
Information from (S32).
W. Arnold (HES), 11 January 2011

New phased approach by the Trustees in the hope of securing the necessary funding for the mill.
See (S33) for further details.
A. Rix (HES), 30 January 2011.

4 photographs of the mill showing the interior machinery (S3).
Some history of the mill. See (S34), (S35) and (S36) for further details.
Hope to restore the mill by a Manpower Services Commission Scheme. See (S5), (S6) and (S7).
Breckland District Council planning committee agree to weatherproofing but defer full restoration (S10).
Mill to be restored but not to full working order. See (S11).
A. Rix (HES), 20 October 2011.

Restoration of the fantail for the windmill has finally been completed; the restoration was carried out by Bunting & son. Plans are also in place to carry out internal floors of the mill, renovate the existing floodlights and a new security system.
See (S38) for further information.
M. Langham-Lopez (HES), 11 April 2013.

A grant for the continued restoration of Dereham windmill has been turned down, the grant was applied for to build a new café, meeting room and toilets.
See (S39) for further information.
M. Langham-Lopez (HES), 11 April 2013.

Planning approval has been secured for a community café and toilet block adjacent to the windmill.
See (S40).
A. Cattermole (HES), 9 July 2013.

7 September 2013. The mill reopens as a community exhibition centre.
D. Gurney (HES), 10 September 2013.

Monument Types

  • CORN MILL (Post Medieval to World War Two - 1830 AD? to 1939 AD)
  • TOWER MILL (Post Medieval to Modern - 1830 AD? to 2050 AD)
  • STEAM ENGINE (Post Medieval to Modern - 1863 AD? to 1922 AD?)
  • OIL ENGINE (Modern to Cold War - 1920 AD? to 1979 AD?)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG0012 A-B,C,D; TG0013 E,F.
---Aerial Photograph: TG 0012/ E.
---Aerial Photograph: TG 0012/ F.
---Monograph: Apling, H.. 1984. Norfolk Corn Windmills. Vol I.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2014. Windmill is mayor's charity for new year. 07/01/2014.
<S1>Newspaper Article: Norwich Mercury. 1837. 7 December.
<S2>Unpublished document: Richmond, H. (RCHB) and Taylor, R. (RCHB). 1973. Windmill in Cherry Lane.
<S3>Photograph: Hallam Ashley. 1973. Dereham, Norfolk. Print, b&w.
<S4>Archive: Bolingbroke Collection.
<S5>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1978. Hope for Dereham Windmill. 9 May.
<S6>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1978. New Life for Old Mill. 16 May.
<S7>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1978. £1 buys Dereham Mill. 2 August.
<S8>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1979. New life for old mill is a long, hard grind…. 15 March.
<S9>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1979. Scheme Saves Dereham Mill. 1 November.
<S10>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1984. Full work on restoration of windmill is deferred. 13 November.
<S11>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1985. £25,000 windmill project. 4 September.
<S12>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1986. Mill repair plan's ring success. 1 May.
<S13>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1987. Corn mill is restored to former glory. 15 September.
<S14>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1988. Plans to turn windmill into tourist attraction. 26 January.
<S15>Newspaper Article: The Times. 1989. Restored mill ready to show off its sails. 16 June.
<S16>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1989. Restored mill opens to the public. 16 June.
<S17>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1989. 25 November.
<S18>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1991. 31 May.
<S19>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1992. Cornmill will be locked to deter vandals. 7 April.
<S20>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1994. More join the grind at old mill. 26 April.
<S21>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1995. Turning the sails to protect windmill. 10 November.
<S22>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1998. 20 August.
<S23>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2001. Pledge to save mill for town's future. 6 June.
<S24>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2001. Future of windmill be debated. 5 July.
<S25>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2002. Windmill opens to the public again. 10 June.
<S26>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2002. Mill reopens to public. 12 August.
<S27>Leaflet: Breckland Council. 2002. Dereham Windmill. Breckland Council.
<S28>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2003. List of mill repair work drawn up. 28 March.
<S29>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2005. Lottery help to be sought for windmill. 20 January.
<S30>Newspaper Article: Dereham & Fakenham Times. 2010. What next for mill?. 25 February.
<S31>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2010. Mill project looks dead over funding. 24 February.
<S32>Archive: NIAS. Various. Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society (NIAS) file.
<S33>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2011. New hope for mill restoration. 26 August.
<S34>Monograph: Apling, H.. 1984. Norfolk Corn Windmills. Vol I. pp 138-143.
<S35>Monograph: Smith, A.. 1982. Corn windmills in Norfolk: a contemporary survey.. p 17 and p 38.
<S36>Website: Neville, J.. 2004. http://www.norfolkmills.co.uk/Windmills/east-dereham-towermill.html.
<S37>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2012. Project gets some wind under its sails. 15 September.
<S38>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2013. Windmill sails could turn again.. 14 March.
<S39>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2013. Windmill bid fails.. 21 March.
<S40>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2013. Restored mill is finally back to its former glory. 03/08/2013.
<S41>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2013. School steps out to raise cash for windmill project. 29/07/2013.
<S42>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2013. Mill will spark interest - both inside and out. 26 June.
<S43>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2012. Festival will help windmill revamp project. 16 July.
<S44>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2013. New life breathed into once neglected historic landmark. 09/09/2013.

Related records

MNO4838Related to: Dereham Mill Cherry Lane DEREHAM (Revoked)

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2018 Norfolk Historic Environment Service