Record Details

NHER Number:11757
Type of record:Monument
Name:Rectangular enclosures, Prehistoric pits, and Bronze Age to post medieval finds

Summary

Metal detecting here has recovered Roman and post medieval metal finds including a melted, possibly Roman, brooch and a Roman scabbard. A watching brief carried out here before the development of the Norwich southern bypass discovered prehistoric pits containing Bronze Age and Iron Age fragments of pottery and fired clay and an Iron Age coin and Roman terret. Cropmarks of possible rectangular enclosures can be seen on aerial photographs of this area, which are recorded separately. The parish boundary that runs through this area is on the line of an undated old road.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TG20SW
Parish:CAISTOR ST EDMUND, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

The cropmarks for this site are now recorded under separate numbers, the vast majority of which are under NHER 52278 and 52292.

Complex of cropmarks, some rectangular. [1]
Information from A. Lawson (NAU), 29 October 1976.

1991. Metal detecting.
On bypass line in southwest quadrant of field.
Roman ?brooch fragment melted down.
Copper alloy scabbard inner fragment with a pointed ridged terminal. For a comparison see (S1). See (S2).
Identified by D. Gurney (NLA), 23 January 1991.

Also medieval cast copper alloy ewer leg. See (S2).
Post medieval copper alloy buckle and half white metal buckle.
S. Margeson (NCM), 15 January 1991.

1991 to 1992. Watching brief. Metal detecting and in fieldwork. On line of Norwich Southern Bypass. Sites 54 to 56.
Pits with prehistoric, Bronze Age, Iron Age material and fired clay.
Iron Age coin, medieval metalwork, Roman terret.
See full (S3) and (S4) in file NHER 29040.
E. Rose (NLA), July 1992.

Parish boundary at northwest corner of field, curving away from present road, is shown on 1990 NAU air photograph to follow an older road course (S5).
Comp. E.Rose 18 February 1994.

15 October 1993. NLA air photography (S6).
Area of site can be seen, and some cropmarks are visible, but not too clear.
H. Clare (NLA), 21 February 2001.

March 2009. Norfolk NMP.
The cropmarks for this site are now recorded under separate numbers, the vast majority of which are under NHER 52278 and 52292, relating to enclosures and boundaries, possibly representing settlement and fields potentially ranging in date from the late Bronze Age to the Roman period.
S. Horlock (NMP), 24 March 2009.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • HEARTH (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • PIT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BRIQUETAGE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • COIN (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • WORKED OBJECT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • EWER (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • VESSEL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

<S1>Publication: Allason-Jones and Miket. 1984. South Shields. No. 645.
<S2>Photograph: I&RS. Finds Polaroid. Polaroid.
<S3>Unpublished document: Bown, J.. 1992?. Norwich Southern Bypass Watching Brief.
<S4>Map: Bown, J.. 1992?. Norwich Southern Bypass Watching Brief Annotated Maps.
<S5>Aerial Photograph: TG2204 X; TG 2104 L.
<S6>Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1993. TG 2204ALV - AMD.

Related records - none

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