Record Details

NHER Number:10965
Type of record:Building
Name:Hill House, formerly Depwade Union Workhouse

Summary

Built in red brick in 1836, this former workhouse has three storeys and wings radiating from a central rotunda with cupola. The wings end in houses with pedimented raised central bay, and at the corners of the outer wall enclosure, there are defensible gun turrets with vertical slits, one with a chimney. To the north lies a simple brick Gothic Revival chapel, of later date, from which was taken an interesting panel depicting an angel leading a woman away from 'symbols of darkness'.

Images

  • The early 19th century workhouse at Pulham Market  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service
  • The severe facade of the early 19th century workhouse at Pulham Market  © Norfolk Museums & Archaeology Service

Location

Grid Reference:TM 1860 8754
Map Sheet:TM18NE
Parish:PULHAM MARKET, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Former workhouse. 1836 by Thorold.

5 June 1980. Site visited by E. Rose.
Red brick, three storey wings radiate from a central rotunda with cupola. Wings end in houses with pedimented raised central bay. At corners of outer wall enclosure, defensible gun turrets with vertical slits, one with a chimney (but east wall and southeast position part demolished). To north simple brick Gothic Revival chapel, of ?later date. Now a hotel, this building's claim to historical importance is that it was the NAU's first headquarters.

Machines from laundry in Gressenhall Rural Life Museum.

Addenda: The Houses at the ends of the wings were originally joined by buildings to produce an octagonal building divided into four quadrants by the cross. The north-west quadrant has been demolished.

In the stained glass museum at Ely Cathedral is a window on permanent loan from Norfolk County Council by Heaton,
Butler and Baine 1900 from the chapel, showing an angel leading a woman away from snales, lizards and bats. The
museum label queries why these 'symbols of darkness' were included in a chapel window but the message would seem
to be the leading of the poor out of darkness; the museum curator was unaware Hill House had been a workhouse
E. Rose (NAU), 28 June 1999

See (S1) and (S2) in secondary file.

The workhouse has now been converted to flats, and a garden centre is situated in front of it.
R. Fillery-Travis (NLA), 11 December 2006.

1836 by William Thorold. Formerly the Workhouse. Red brick with blue headers. Low pitched slate roofs. Central octagon with bellcote, and four three-storey wings forming cross plan, linked at ends by single storey ranges, with an
overall octagonal plan. The west wing facing front has pedimented gable, large first floor sash window with glazing bars and margin lights and doorway with cornice hood on large brackets, flanked by lower two-storey one window wings, sashes with glazing bars.
Information from (S3).

Detailed photographs of steam machinery in NIAS records.
See (S4)
W. Arnold (HES), 21 Febuary 2011

Monument Types

  • CHAPEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FORTIFICATION (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • HOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SITE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WORKHOUSE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TM1887 D,K-M.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Fiche: Exists.
<S1>Newspaper Article: 1988. Eastern Daily Press. 2 June.
<S2>Graphic material: Various. Various. Architectural plans..
<S3>Scheduling record: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England.
<S4>Archive: NIAS. Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society Records.

Related records - none

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