Record Details

NHER Number:1060
Type of record:Monument
Name:Early Saxon cremation and inhumation cemetery, plus multi-period finds

Summary

Stray finds, fieldwalking, metal-detecting and excavation have revealed the site of an Early Saxon cremation and inhumation cemetery. Early Saxon finds recovered include a large amount of pottery (including decorated sherds), brooches, girdle hangers, sleeve clasps, burnt glass beads, molten metal fragments and cremated bones. A Neolithic flint blade, Roman pottery and medieval metalwork have also been discovered. A round barrow (NHER 3754) recorded close by may be Early Saxon.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:Not displayed
Map Sheet:TF71NW
Parish:EAST WALTON, WEST NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1965. Gallows Hill.
Decorated and plain Early Saxon pottery found. See sketches (S1 and S2).

December 1966.
Decorated Early Saxon pottery found. See sketches (S3).

1974.
Scatter of Early Saxon pottery in area 30m by 30m. Some stamped sherds. Some Roman sherds.
Finds made indicate Early Saxon cremation cemetery.
A. Rogerson (NAU), 1974.

1985 to 1994. Metal detecting.
Early Saxon metalwork.
1985 finds included brooches and a wrist-clasp. See drawings (S4)-(S10).
1986 finds 2 brooches. See drawings (S11) and (S12).
1989 finds included brooches, bucket handle fragment and a spearhead. See drawings (S13)-(S17).
1994 finds included a brooch, wrist-clasp and tweezers. Also medieval lead weight and ferrule. See drawings (S18)-(S20)
See lists and location plots (S21) and (S22).
A. Rogerson (NAU).

1986.
Neolithic flint blade. See by F. Healy (NAU).
A. Rogerson (NAU).

1986. Excavation of Early Saxon cremations.
Early Saxon pottery and sherds. See drawings (S23)-(S27)
See full details and correspondence (Sy) in file, also file for NHER 3754.
E. Rose (NLA), 1 February 1991.

Before 13 April 2001. Metal detecting. Northwest corner.
Eleven Early Saxon objects, Early Saxon sherd.
See list in file.
A. Rogerson (NLA), 22 September 2001.

November-December 2012. Fieldwalking.
Four sherds of Early Saxon pottery.
Information from PAS import.
A. Beckham (HES), 4 December 2012.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • ROUND BARROW (Early Bronze Age to Early Saxon - 2350 BC to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • CREMATION (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • CREMATION CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • INHUMATION CEMETERY (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BLADE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BEAD (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BROOCH (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUCKET (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • BUTTON (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • GIRDLE HANGER (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • RING (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SLEEVE CLASP (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SPEAR (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SPUR (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • TWEEZERS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 450 AD to 550 AD)
  • FERRULE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • WEIGHT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

---Serial: 1974. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1974. No 21. p 9.
---Article in Serial: Whyte, N.. 2003. The after-life of barrows; prehistoric monuments in the Norfolk landscape.. Landscape History. Vol 25, pp 5-17. pp 5-16.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<Sy>Unpublished Document: Friederson, V.. 1987. 1060 WNE. Pottery Descriptions..
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Walton (East).
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Early Saxon. Walton (East) [2].
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: CSG, CZV34-36, CZW1-2.
---Collection: Norfolk Historic Environment Record Staff. 1975-[2000]. HER Record Notes. Norfolk Historic Environment Service.
<S1>Illustration: [Unknown]. 1965. Sketches of Early Saxon pottery sherds. Paper. Unknown.
<S2>Illustration: [Unknown]. 1965. Sketches of Early Saxon pottery sherds. Card. 1:1.
<S3>Illustration: [Unknown]. 1966. Sketches of Early Saxon pottery sherds. Paper. Unknown.
<S4>Illustration: Penn, K. 1985. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy foot plate from equal-armed brooch. Paper. 2:1.
<S5>Illustration: Penn, K. 1985. Drawing of the lower section of an Early Saxon copper girdle hanger. Paper. 2:1.
<S6>Illustration: Penn, K. 1985. Drawing of the foot and bow of an Early Saxon copper alloy small-long brooch. Paper. 2:1.
<S7>Illustration: Penn, K. 1985. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy small-long brooch foot. Paper. 2:1.
<S8>Illustration: Penn, K. 1985. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy side knob from cruciform brooch. Paper. 2:1.
<S9>Illustration: Penn, K. 1985. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy bow and foot from cruciform brooch. Paper. 2:1.
<S10>Illustration: Penn, K. 1985. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy wrist-clasp hook-plate. Paper. 2:1.
<S11>Illustration: Penn, K. 1986. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy annular brooch. Film. 2:1.
<S12>Illustration: Penn, K. 1986. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy bow and foot from cruciform brooch. Film. 2:1.
<S13>Illustration: Penn, K. 1989. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy cruciform brooch head-plate. Film. 2:1.
<S14>Illustration: Penn, K. 1989. Drawing of a possible Early Saxon copper alloy suspension ring fragment. Film. 2:1.
<S15>Illustration: Penn, K. 1989. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy bucket handle fragment. Film. 2:1.
<S16>Illustration: Penn, K. 1989. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy head and bow from square-headed small-long brooch. Film. 2:1.
<S17>Illustration: Penn, K. 1989. Drawing of an Early Saxon iron spearhead. Film. 2:1.
<S18>Illustration: Penn, K. 1994. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy head plate and upper bow from small-long brooch. Film. 2:1.
<S19>Illustration: Penn, K. 1994. Drawing of a an Early Saxon copper alloy wrist-clasp fragment. Film. 2:1.
<S20>Illustration: Penn, K. 1994. Drawing of an Early Saxon copper alloy pair of tweezers. Film. 2:1.
<S21>Map: Finder's Map..
<S22>Illustration: Penn, K.. 1985. Sketch of the finders map for the metal detecting carried out on 25 March 1985.. Film. 1:500.
<S23>Illustration: [Unknown]. 1986. Drawing of Early Saxon pottery cremation vessel (Illustration A). Paper. 1:1.
<S24>Illustration: [Unknown]. 1986. Drawing of a fragmentary Early Saxon pottery cremation vessel (Illustration B). Card. 1:1.
<S25>Illustration: [Unknown]. Unknown. Drawings of stamped decoration on Early Saxon pottery cremation vessel (Illustration B). Film. 2:1.
<S26>Illustration: [Unknown]. Unknown. Drawing of Early Saxon pottery stamp (Illustration C). Film. 1:1.
<S27>Illustration: [Unknown]. Unknown. Drawing of Early Saxon pottery sherd from cremation vessel (Illustration D). Card. 1:1.

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