Record Details

NHER Number:10424
Type of record:Monument
Name:Hardley Cross on the banks of the River Yare and Chet


Hardley Cross, which marks the boundary of the jurisdiction of the City of Norwich and is said to date back to the 14th or 15th century. It consists of a rectangular stone base with a step on top and the chamfered base of a medieval cross. It has been restored in 1676, 1820, 1834, 1899, and 1971.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 4008 0117
Map Sheet:TG40SW

Full description

Marks boundary between jurisdiction of the City of Norwich and Great Yarmouth. Set at junction of Yare and Chet, and possibly originally marked the end of Breydon Water. Dated by R.R. Clarke (NCM) to 14th/15th century, he says 'steps of base undoubtedly original'. He mentions a charter of Henry VIII referring to it. Another such charter is 1556.
(S1) gives a drawing showing it identical to present form.

April 1982. Visit.
Rectangular stone base with step on top, then chamfered base of cross itself. This does not look original, but this may be due to restoration. Reeded shaft is original, tapering to cornice and cross restored. On one side inscription 'REPARAT TEMPORE THOMAE ARMIGERI MAIORI CIVITATIS NOR.1676' and 'Repaired AD 1820'. The other side has 'Repaired AD 1834' with name of architect, an iron plaque marking a restoration in 1899, and another in 1971.
E. Rose (NAU), 29 April 1982.

Monument Types

  • COMMEMORATIVE MONUMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Article in Serial: Cozens-Hardy B. 1934. Norfolk Crosses. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXV Pt II pp 297-336. pp 311-312.
---Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1986. [Photograph of Hardley Cross]. 2 April.
---Designation: [unknown]. Ancient Monuments Form. SAM Record. DNF373.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 40 SW 1 [3].
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Publication: Knights, M. 1887. The Highways and Byeways of Old Norwich. p 119.
---Monograph: Pevsner, N and Wilson, W. 1999. Norfolk 2: North-West and South. The Buildings of England. 2nd Edition. p 381.
---Publication: Willins, E. P. 1884. Quaint Old Norwich. Pl 32.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Medieval. Langley-with-Hardley.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1990-2013. English Heritage Scheduling Notification. Notification. DNF373.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1994? -2011?. English Heritage Digital Designation Record. Record. DNF373.
<S1>Serial: Woodward. 1833. Correspondence. p 101.

Related records - none

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