Record Details

NHER Number:10232
Type of record:Monument
Name:Probable Early Saxon burial

Summary

In 1932, during the construction of a tennis court, a human skeleton was found with an iron javelin head and iron knife. This was found with Roman pottery, but it is probably an Early Saxon burial on a Roman site.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 3305 0799
Map Sheet:TG30NW
Parish:BRUNDALL, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

1932. 64 metres (70 yards) northeast of station in making tennis court at 'Water Meadows' south of Station New Road, a disturbed area about 0.5m deep in sand and loam was found with a skeleton lying north to south with iron javelin head measuring 19.7cm long, 3.8cm wide and 1.9cm thick. (7 3/4 inches long by 1 1/2 inches by 3/4 of an inch) at foot, and iron knife 10.8cm long with a blade of 6.3cm , 1.9cm thick (4 1/4 inches long, blade 2 3/8 inches back 3/4 of an inch at waist).
Burnt stones, wattle and daub, Niedermendig lava and coarse Roman pottery (jug, rim and mortar and jar) Castor ware (Nene Valley Colour-Coated Ware).
Probably an Early Saxon burial on a Roman site. See (S1), (S2), (S3).
R.R. Clarke (NCM).
A possible Roman spoon bit (E.B. Green NCM 1971). (S4) publishes as Early Saxon (E. Rose NAU).

It is reported that, at the turn of the 19th / 20th centuries a number of skulls were found in the same area by local schoolboys. This angered their parents who arranged for the skulls to be reburied in a corner of Braydeston churchyard (NHER 10266)(S5).
D. Gurney (HES), 31 October 2012.

Monument Types

  • INHUMATION (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DRILL BIT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SPEAR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ARCHITECTURAL FRAGMENT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • DRILL BIT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • HUMAN REMAINS (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • KNIFE (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • QUERN (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • SPEAR (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Brundall.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Early Saxon. Brundall.
<S1>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. Unknown. 30 November.
<S2>Newspaper Article: 23 June 1938. Eastern Daily Press. 2.
<S3>Article in serial: Clarke, R. R. 1940. Norfolk in the Dark Ages, 400-800 A.D., Part II. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XXVII Pt II pp 215-249. p 236.
<S4>Monograph: Wilson, D.M.. 1976. The Archaeology of Anglo-Saxon England.. p 258, fig 6.2c.
<S5>Verbal communication: Ann-Marie Simpson. 2012.

Related records - none

Find out more...

Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2019 Norfolk Historic Environment Service