Record Details

NHER Number:10228
Type of record:Monument
Name:Possible Roman boatyard or Saxon boat burial

Summary

Excavations in the 1880s and 1913 revealed several charcoal spars with iron nails in them. A Roman iron knife and blade were found with them. The site has been interpreted as either a Roman boatbuilding yard or a Saxon boat burial.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 3177 0848
Map Sheet:TG30NW
Parish:BRUNDALL, BROADLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

1882 to 87 and 1913.
7m (30 yards) west of NHER 10227.
Depression in hillside (Roman Dock on (S1)'s plan) running north to south 30.5m (100ft) long, 1.5m (5ft) deep. Filled with irregular lumps of clay and charcoal.
At upper end of hollow, three or four charcoal spars (?oak) 1.8 to 2.4m (6-8ft) long, 23cm (9 inches) square with iron nails in them.
Found with them was an iron knife with socketed handle, and iron blade 15cm (5 1/2') long.
Beneath 'dock' were remains of drain of Roman tiles. From hill to northnorthwest two drains, 11m (12 yards) apart, or roof and other tiles, at least 12.2m (40ft) long, led to dock.
Boat building yard and ?kiln (10229) with domestic premises attached? (10227) or Saxon boat burial?
See (S1), (S2).
Newspaper cuttings (S3), (S4), (S5), (S6), (S7), (S8) and (S9), some in file.
R.R.Clarke (NCM).

Monument Types

  • BOAT YARD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DOCK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DRAIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HOUSE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KILN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • SHIP BURIAL (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)

Associated Finds

  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Brundall.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Article in serial: Fox, G. E. 1889. Roman Norfolk. Archaeological Journal. Vol XLVI pp 331-367. pp 354-355.
<S2>Monograph: 1901. The Victoria History of Norfolk. The Victoria History of the Counties of England. Vol 1. p 297.
<S3>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1935. Brundall Gardens (letter to the editor). 16 July.
<S4>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1935. 13 July.
<S5>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1935. 15 July.
<S6>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1935. 12 July.
<S7>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1952. Brundall in Roman Days. 9 January.
<S8>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1987. Brundall's Roman Dock open to public. 18 September.
<S9>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1988. Chance to see fresh vistas at gardens. 2 September.

Related records - none

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