Record Details

NHER Number:10227
Type of record:Monument
Name:Roman building in Brundall Gardens


From 1882 to 1887, excavations here revealed the remains of a large Roman building, with brick and concrete foundations. A large amount of Roman pottery was also found. It has been suggested that the area was a Roman dockside.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TG 3188 0854
Map Sheet:TG30NW

Full description

1882-87 and 1913. In Brundall Gardens, 32m (350 yards) north west of church ('A' on Fox's plan) 228m ( 250 yards ) from marshes.
Large rural Roman building. Foundations of brick and concrete rubble; building tiles, flue tile, roofing tile with nail.
Much pottery - Samian F33? Rolled based cup stamped TINTIRIOM (Tintirio of Lezoux 120 - 180, occurs Colchester on F33); F38 or 44 mortarium.
F? flanged bowl; fragment cup ?F35 - base large illegible stamp.
Pseudo-Samian or burnt cup. 2 fragments of Mortaria each stamped RECARZI.
Neck of flagon with handle; grey platter 1 1/2' high, 4 1/2' diameter. Grey cup, probable kiln waster; amphorae; (coarse wares 1st-2nd with some 3rd-4th). 6 fragments 1st century vessels, 11 fragments 2nd century.
Seven fragments 3rd-4th, 10 fragments 4th century. Upper stone of conglomerate quern 28cm (11') diameter at about 1m (2ft 10' )down. Sherds. See (S1), (S2).
Newspaper cuttings, (S4), (S5), (S6), (S7), (S8) and (S9), some in file. See file for drawings and further details.
R.R. Clarke (NCM).

(S2) says tiles, quern, mortarium etc which R.R. Clarke identifies with the site of the building was 27m (30 yards) east of the excavation (NHER 10228 dock) but Clarke plotted it at above grid reference, about 137m (150 yards) away.
Both agree it was close to north boundary of garden. Clarke's position seems to have been arrived at by placing the site a little west of the east end of the mere, and assumes (S2)'s map to be accurate and his 27m (30 yards) to be wrong. Site now built over.
Plan in file.
E. Rose (NAU)

A multitude of finds including Roman and post-medieval artefacts have been recovered from this location. Roman finds include rubble foundations of brick and concrete from a large Roman dwelling, along with tiles and roofing nails. Domestic finds include pieces of Samian Ware, cups, a flagon with handle, a platter and a knife with a 5.5 inch long iron blade. To the west of this area a depression in the hill has produced finds of charcoal spars, thought to be oak, 6-8 ft long and 9 inches square with iron nails. This could indicate a possible boat building site and Roman dock area. Drainage channels lined with Roman tiles have also been found running north from the area into the dock.
Post-medieval finds include a possible kiln for firing brick and tile. This area covered 12 acres (shown on the Tithe Map of 1846). Several 16th/17th century brown glazed pots have been uncovered from this area, thought to be rejects. A Mortarium has also been found.
See (S10) for further details.
L. Allison (NLA), 12 August 2010.

Monument Types

  • BUILDING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • DOCK? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD?)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • WATERCRAFT? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD?)

Associated Finds

  • DRINKING VESSEL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLAGON (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KILN WASTE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • NAIL (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PLATE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • QUERN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TG 30 NW 5 [4].
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Brundall.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Article in Serial: Fox, G. E. 1889. Roman Norfolk. The Archaeological Journal. Vol XLVI pp 331-367. pp 354-355.
<S2>Monograph: 1901. The Victoria History of Norfolk. The Victoria History of the Counties of England. Vol 1. p 297.
<S4>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1935. [unknown]. 13 July.
<S5>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1935. [unknown]. 15 July.
<S6>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1935. [unknown]. 12 July.
<S7>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1952. Brundall in Roman days. 9 January.
<S8>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1987. Brundall's Roman Dock open to public. 18 September.
<S9>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 1988. Chance to see fresh vistas at gardens. 2 September.
<S10>Monograph: Brundall Local History Group. 2007. The Book of Brundall and Braydeston. p 29.

Related records - none

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