Record Details

NHER Number:9813
Type of record:Monument
Name:Part of Roman settlement at Venta Icenorum

Summary

Metal detecting on this site has recovered a large number of Roman items including over 100 coins, two iron knives, a silver finger ring, brooches and the statuette of a cockerel. Aerial photographs show the cropmarks of the Roman town of Venta Icenorum (NHER 9786) extending to the north to also cover this area and are recorded under NHER 52273. The Middle Saxon finds, including a Merovingian tremissis and a Middle Saxon pin, suggest a continuity of occupation . The Late Saxon brooch and medieval finds may be chance losses. Two human burials have also been found here.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 23 03
Map Sheet:TG20SW
Parish:CAISTOR ST EDMUND, SOUTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

Part of large scatter NHER 29994. The cropmarks of the extramural settlement to the north of the walled town are now recorded under NHER 52273.

Area north of Roman town, taken into scheduled area in 1990.

1961.
Roman knife and sherds found.

1982.
Roman sherd found.

1985.
Context 41. Two human skeletons revealed by ploughing, one adult the other immature, lying on orange gravel. See Notes.

1982 to 1988. Metal detecting.
Produced Roman, Middle Saxon, Late Saxon and medieval coins and metalwork.

1989.
Cropmarks of street pattern seen.

1989. Metal detecting.
Roman coins and metalwork, medieval metalwork.

1990. Metal detecting.
Middle Saxon/ Late Saxon strap end (S4). Roman metalwork.

1993. Detailed fieldwalking.
Roman, Iron Age, Middle Saxon, medieval and post medieval sherds and tile, flints.
See full details, (S1), (S2) and (S3) in file.
E. Rose (NAU), 9 October 1990.

15 October 1993. NLA air photography (S4).
Cropmarks not clear.
H. Clare (NLA), 21 February 2001.

March 2009. Norfolk NMP.
The cropmarks of the extramural settlement to the north of the walled town are now recorded under NHER 52273.
S. Horlock (NMP), 24 March 2009.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • INHUMATION (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • HAMMER (Undated)
  • METAL WORKING DEBRIS (Undated)
  • WHETSTONE (Undated)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • BEAD (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRACELET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BROOCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BUCKET (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FIGURINE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINGER RING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FLUE TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • HARNESS (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KEY (LOCKING) (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • KNIFE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • PIN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • RAZOR (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TESSERA (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • TILE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • COIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • PIN (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • BROOCH (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BROOCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SCABBARD (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SEAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP FITTING (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • UNIDENTIFIED OBJECT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUCKLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SEAL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: TG 2303 AMH-AMJ.
---Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1993. TG 2203APF - APR; TG 2303AND - ANH; TG 2203AEN - AES.
---Photograph: JHQ 37, Romano British key handle..
---Photograph: 1990. LCB 1-2, Romano British coin..
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Roman. Caister-by-Norwich.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Photograph: CZH31-2(MS pin),EAG1-12(1986 finds),EAF4-5(MED belt),EDS31-6,FTP1-3,FTH(ii)29-32.
<S1>Map: Finder's Map..
<S3>Scheduling record: English Heritage. Scheduling Report.
<S4>Illustration: Penn, K.. 1990. Drawing of a Middle/Late Saxon zoomorphic strap end.. Film. 2:1.

Related records

29994Part of: Roman settlement around walled town (Monument)
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