Record Details

NHER Number:6738
Type of record:Monument
Name:Two Hills

Summary

A Bronze Age round barrow is depicted as an earthwork on historic maps. A second barrow (NHER 6739) is located adjacent to it and collectively the pair is named 'Two Hills'. It is believed that it was ploughed during World War Two but it perhaps survived as a very low earthwork until at least 1976. It is possible that it was excavated in the 19th century, but this has not been verified. It is visible as an earthwork and a cropmark on aerial photographs.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2184 3814
Map Sheet:TG23NW
Parish:ROUGHTON, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

THE FINDS DESCRIBED BELOW ARE NOW RECORDED AS NHER 40495.

Larger of Two Hills (barrow).
12m (40ft) diameter, now hollow crater in centre - 2.4m (8ft) high in places; no ditch. Much dug. Bracken and gorse.
Ploughed 1939/45.
Possibly survives as 15cm rise in pasture.
A.J. Lawson (NAU) 19 September 1976.

Marked on (S1).
For sources and possible contents see NHER 6737.

8 February 1984.
Totally destroyed. Recently ploughed, now sown for grass.
Exact location difficult to pinpoint - 8 pot boilers and 6 crude flint flakes found on site of this or of NHER 6739.
Finds Cromer Museum (CRRMU : 1984.29).
J.J. Wymer (NAU) and M. Warren (Cromer Museum).

June 2004, Norfolk NMP.
The finds described above are now recorded as NHER 40495. NMP mapping has led to the alteration of the central grid reference of the site from TG 2184 3815 to TG 2184 3814.

The round barrow described above is visible as an earthwork and a cropmark on aerial photographs (S2-3), centred at TG 2184 3815. As described above, it is depicted as a tumulus on historic maps (S1-4) and is almost certainly a Bronze Age round barrow. While it is possible that it was excavated by Chester in the 19th century, it is not mentioned directly in his published accounts (S5-6) and therefore without further evidence it cannot be positively linked with any of the finds he made (see NHER 6747). Pot boilers and flint flakes have been found in the vicinity (NHER 40495). Both the round barrow described here and the barrow which lies to its south (NHER 6739) are part of a large, dispersed group of round barrows which survived as earthworks on Roughton Heath until the 19th or 20th century. It is notable that if the line of a linear barrow cemetery identified 660m to the south-east (NHER 38632) is projected, the 'Two Hills' barrows are located on the same north-west to south-east alignment.

The barrow is visible as a slight and rather indistinct earthwork on 1946 aerial photographs. It can be seen as a roughly circular mound measuring approximately 14m in diameter. A depression on its east side supports the possibility that it was the subject of an antiquarian excavation. It should be noted that in 1946 the barrow lay on the eastern edge of an area of rather uneven ground, probably a former quarry. Had the mound described here not lain in the same position as the tumulus depicted on Ordnance Survey maps it would not have been recognisable as a round barrow.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 10 June 2004.

Monument Types

  • MOUND (Unknown date)
  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Associated Finds

  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT BOILER (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Roughton [3].
---Secondary File: Secondary file.
---Photograph: CNV 5.
<S1>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1838. Ordnance Survey first edition 1 inch map. Sheet 38. Cromer. 1inch: 1 mile.
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1606 2145-7 27-JUN-1946 (NMR).
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1963. RAF 58/5842 (F21) 0005-6 23-JUL-1963 (NMR).
<S4>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1902-7. Ordnance Survey second edition 25" (1902-7) Sheet XIX. 3.
<S5>Article in serial: Chester, G.J.. 1850. Notes.. The Archaeological Journal. Vol VII, pp 190-1. vol VII, pp 190-1.
<S6>Article in serial: Chester, G. J.. 1859. Account of the Discovery of Ancient British Remains, Near Cromer. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol VI pp 263-267. pp 263-267.

Related records

6739Related to: Two Hills (Monument)

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