Record Details

NHER Number:6602
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Palaeolithic flint handaxe and Neolithic polished flint axeheads, Mill Hill

Summary

In 1896 a Palaeolithic flint handaxe from a gravel pit on Mill Hill. Two Neolithic polished flint axeheads were recovered also from this area between 1886 and 1905.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 154 385
Map Sheet:TG13NE
Parish:GRESHAM, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

1886. Stray Find.
Found by J. Cox on "Mill Hill":
1 Neolithic polished flint axe. 7 1/2 inches [19cm] by 2 3/4 inches [7cm]. Information from (S9).
The mapped extent of this record has been expanded to reflect the slightly more general provenance of this find and the second Neolithic axehead that was found in 1905 (see below).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 20 June 2014.

1896. Stray Find.
Found by J. Cox (headmaster of Gresham School) in sand above marl at Mill Hill, Gresham:
1 Palaeolithic flint "S-twist" handaxe. Subsequently acquired by F. H. Barclay (his Collection No. 18) and later donated to the Norwich Castle Museum (Cox-Barclay Collection NWHCM : 1935.57; not individually accessioned).
Information from (S1).
This handaxe was one of two exhibited by Cox at a meeting of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia on 31 January 1910. The provenance given by (S1) is that which was reported in (S2). This discovery was subsequently noted in (S3). This object and the others found by Cox around the same time are the reason that Gresham is listed in (S10) as a location that had produced "Palaeolithic drift" implements prior to 1919.

This handaxe is also listed in (S4) ("Mill Hill") and is described on (S5) and in (S6) as a broken cordate in sharp condition. It is also noted in (S7) and (S8), although no additional information is given.

The grid reference listed for this find in (S4) and (S6) (TG 155 385) is almost certainly the correct provenance for this object, this representing the location known as Mill Hill Plantation. A reasonably large gravel pit is clearly marked on the 1st Edition O.S map at this grid reference.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 20 June 2014.

1905. Stray Find.
Found by J. Cox in "Mill Plantation":
1 Neolithic polished flint axe. 61/2 inches [16.5cm] by 2 inches [6cm]. Information from (S9).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 20 June 2014.

A lime kiln marked here on (S11) is now recorded under NHER 60084.
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 20 June 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 1000000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)

Associated Finds

  • HANDAXE (Lower Palaeolithic to Middle Palaeolithic - 500000 BC to 40001 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Map: Clarke, W.G.. Mss 126.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S1>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Palaeolithic.
<S2>Article in Serial: 1911. Summary of Proceedings. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia. Vol I Pt I (for 1909-1910) pp 109-121. p 118.
<S3>Publication: Moir, J. Reid. 1927. The Antiquity of Man in East Anglia. 65.
<S4>Monograph: Roe, D. A. 1968. A Gazetteer of British Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Sites. CBA Research Report. No 8.
<S5>Record Card: Wymer, J. J. Wymer Index Card - Palaeolithic. Gresham (Mill Hill).
<S6>Publication: Wymer, J. J. 1985. Palaeolithic Sites of East Anglia. p 30.
<S7>Unpublished Contractor Report: 1997. The English Rivers Palaeolithic Project. Regions 8 (East Anglian Rivers) and 11 (Trent Drainage). Wessex Archaeology. CR-2, No.5.
<S8>Website: TERPS online database. Site 22473.
<S9>Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Gresham.
<S10>Article in Serial: Clarke, W. G. 1919. The Distribution of Flint and Bronze Implements in Norfolk. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia. Vol III Pt I (for 1918-19) pp 147-149. p 148.
<S11>Map: Ordnance Survey. 1824-1836. Ordnance Survey First Edition 1 inch..

Related records - none

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