|Type of record:||Monument|
|Name:||Medieval bailey and associated features, 7 Farmers Avenue|
Excavations were conducted here in 1963 to uncover further information as to the date and nature of the Castle Bailey defences. This work recovered a small amount of Saxon Ipswich Ware in unstratified and 17th century levels. It also found that two soil lines of Late Saxon/early medieval date predated the defences here. The tail of the counterscarp bank of the south bailey ditch was felt to be early medieval in date. A large 15th/16th century cesspit was also discovered and this showed that tenements backed onto the bailey at this time. By the 17th century this cesspit had been backfilled and a brick-walled cellar was constructed – the first actual building on the site.
Images - none
|Grid Reference:||TG 2317 0833|
|Parish:||NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK|
1963. Excavation by E. B. Green for Norfolk Research Committee designed to uncover further information as to the date and nature of the Castle Bailey defences.
A small amount of Ipswich Ware in unstratified and 17th century levels. Late Saxon and early medieval; two soil lines. ?Early medieval; the tail of the counterscarp bank of the south bailey ditch.
15th/16th century; a large cess pit.
17th century; cess pit back-filled.
A brick-walled cellar constructed - first actual building on the site.
17th/18th century; West wall No. 9 Farmers Avenue built.
See details in file.
E. B. Green (NCM).
- BAILEY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- BANK (EARTHWORK) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- CESS PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- CELLAR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- CESS PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
- POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
- POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
Protected Status - none
Sources and further reading
|---||Serial: 1963. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1963. No 10. p 4. |
|---||Article in Serial: Wilson, D. M. and Hurst, D. G. 1965. Medieval Britain in 1962 and 1963. Medieval Archaeology. Vol VIII (for 1964) pp 231-299. pp 255-257. |
|---||Monograph: Jennings, S. 1981. Eighteen Centuries of Pottery from Norwich. East Anglian Archaeology. No 13. |
|---||Monograph: Ayers, B. 1985. Excavations within the North-East Bailey of Norwich Castle, 1979. East Anglian Archaeology. No 28. |
|---||Record Card: NCM Staff. 1973-1989. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card - Norwich. |
|---||Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman. |
|---||Secondary File: Secondary File. |
|Site 819||Parent of: 7 Farmers Avenue (Monument)|
|Mon 551||Parent of: 7 Farmers Avenue (Monument)|
|Site 2020||Parent of: Castle Mall (Monument)|
|Mon 1513||Parent of: Cemetery 3 (Castle Mall) (Monument)|
|Mon 1555||Parent of: Ditch 14: ?Ditch to the Shirehouseyard (Castle Mall) (Monument)|
|Mon 1579||Parent of: Open Area 17 (Castle Mall) (Monument)|
|Mon 1507||Parent of: Open Area 2 (Castle Mall) (Monument)|
|Mon 1572||Parent of: Property 49 (Castle Mall) (Monument)|
|777||Part of: Castle Mall Development (Monument)|
|429||Part of: Norwich Castle, Norwich Castle Museum and Art Gallery (Monument)|
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