Record Details

NHER Number:60
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval bailey and associated features, 7 Farmers Avenue

Summary

Excavations were conducted here in 1963 to uncover further information as to the date and nature of the Castle Bailey defences. This work recovered a small amount of Saxon Ipswich Ware in unstratified and 17th century levels. It also found that two soil lines of Late Saxon/early medieval date predated the defences here. The tail of the counterscarp bank of the south bailey ditch was felt to be early medieval in date. A large 15th/16th century cesspit was also discovered and this showed that tenements backed onto the bailey at this time. By the 17th century this cesspit had been backfilled and a brick-walled cellar was constructed – the first actual building on the site.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2317 0833
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

1963. Excavation by E. B. Green for Norfolk Research Committee designed to uncover further information as to the date and nature of the Castle Bailey defences.
A small amount of Ipswich Ware in unstratified and 17th century levels. Late Saxon and early medieval; two soil lines. ?Early medieval; the tail of the counterscarp bank of the south bailey ditch.
15th/16th century; a large cess pit.
17th century; cess pit back-filled.
A brick-walled cellar constructed - first actual building on the site.
17th/18th century; West wall No. 9 Farmers Avenue built.
See details in file.
E. B. Green (NCM).

Monument Types

  • BAILEY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BANK (EARTHWORK) (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CESS PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • CELLAR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CESS PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Middle Saxon - 651 AD to 850 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Serial: 1963. Council for British Archaeology Group 7 Bulletin of Archaeological Discoveries for 1963. No 10. p 4.
---Article in Serial: Wilson, D. M. and Hurst, D. G. 1965. Medieval Britain in 1962 and 1963. Medieval Archaeology. Vol VIII (for 1964) pp 231-299. pp 255-257.
---Monograph: Ayers, B. 1985. Excavations within the North-East Bailey of Norwich Castle, 1979. East Anglian Archaeology. No 28.
---Unpublished Document: NCM Staff. 1973-1989. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card - Norwich.
---Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Norwich - Post Roman.
---Secondary File: Secondary file.

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