Record Details

NHER Number:5700
Type of record:Find Spot
Name:Mesolithic, Neolithic and Bronze Age worked flints (Croxton, marginal)

Summary

A variety of prehistoric flint tools were found in the early 1900s at unrecorded location in this parish. These include a Mesolithic tranchet axe and a range of Neolithic objects, including arrowheads, flaked and polished axes and a pick. Also found was a Bronze Age barbed and tanged arrowhead.

Images - none

Location

Parish:CROXTON, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

Various prehistoric worked flints known to have been recovered during the late 19th century or early 20th century in Croxton parish, but with little additional information regarding provenance. Most were donated to what is now the Cambridge University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.

FINDS IN THE CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY MUSEUM OF ARCHAEOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY

1908-1909. ?Stray Find.
Three large adzes found in about 1908-9 (S2).
Also a pick and a knife (S1).
Information from (S3).
One of the adzes is probably the Mesolithic tranchet axe from Croxton listed in (S4) as being held by the CUMAA. This object was donated by F. Snare and is described in (S5).
Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 3 May 2013.

1) Tanged and barbed arrowhead found about 1904-5 (S6).
2) Tanged arrowhead, roughly chipped, thick, 'spade-shaped' with taper tang (2.8cm by 22.8cm or1.1 inches x .9 inches) found about 1908 (S7).
(S7) Cambridge University of Archaeology and Ethnology (CUMAE).
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

Also one polished axe, four chipped axes, four chipped knives.
Fifteen leaf shaped arrowheads found in about 1905-6.
Lozenge shaped arrowhead with rounded shoulders found in 1911.
(S8), CUMAE.
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

Some 1903.380.

FINDS IN OTHER MUSEUMS

According to (S9), the Birmingham City Museum holds a heavily patinated later prehistoric flint bifacial knife from an unrecorded location in Croxton (1991A208). This object is marked "2.4.02".

The Thetford museum holds several worked flints from Croxton:
- 1 Mesolithic axehead. Ex H. Dixon Hewitt, found 1931 (THEHM : 1975.297). Described by R. Jacobi (S5) as a "bit dubious" tranchet axe.
- 1 Neolithic fragmentary polished axehead. Ex H. Dixon Hewitt, found 1931 (THEHM : 1975.306).
- 1 prehistoric retouched flake. Ex J. Spinks, donated 1924 (THEHM : 1979.148).
Information from museum records.

OTHER REPORTED DISCOVERIES

Pre 1907.
Croxton is listed in (S10) as one of the locations where "Sandy Site Type" Neolithic worked flints had been recovered prior to 1907. W. G. Clarke and T. F. Newton are listed as finders.

P. Watkins (HES), 3 May 2013 and 7 August 2014.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)

Associated Finds

  • TRANCHET AXEHEAD (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC)
  • TRANCHET AXEHEAD? (Mesolithic - 10000 BC to 4001 BC?)
  • ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FLAKED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • KNIFE (Late Prehistoric - 4000 BC to 42 AD)
  • KNIFE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LEAF ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • PICK (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • RETOUCHED FLAKE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • TRANSVERSE ARROWHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • ARROWHEAD (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • BARBED AND TANGED ARROWHEAD (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Archive: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
<S1>Article in Serial: 1908. Appendix No. II. List of local objects purchased for the museum with the grants made by the society to December 1905. Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiqarian Society. Vol XII (New Series Vol VI) pp 12-13. p 12.
<S2>Article in Serial: 1909. Appendix II. Purchases by the curator of the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology with grants from the Council. Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiqarian Society. Vol XIV (New Series Vol VIII) pp 59-62. p 59.
<S3>Archive: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Croxton [4].
<S4>Monograph: Wymer, J. J. and Bonsall, C. J. (eds). 1977. Gazetteer of Mesolithic Sites in England and Wales with a Gazetteer of Upper Palaeolithic Sites in England and Wales. Council for British Archaeology Research Report. No. 20. p 205.
<S5>Archive: R. Jacobi. -. Jacobi Archive. 10193.
<S6>Article in Serial: 1907. [unknown title]. Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiqarian Society. Vol XI (New Series Vol V). p 299.
<S7>Article in Serial: 1909. Appendix. Purchases by the curator of the Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology with grants from the Council. Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiqarian Society. Vol XIII (New Series Vol VII) pp 7-11. p 8.
<S8>Article in Serial: 1915. Cambridge Antiquarian Society Collection. Cambridge Antiquarian Society Collection. Vol XIX, p 95. p 82.
<S9>Article in Serial: Watson, P. J. et al. 1999. Antiquities from Norfolk in West Midlands Museums. Norfolk Archaeology. vol XLIII Pt II pp 332-338. p 333.
<S10>Article in Serial: Clarke, W. G. 1907. The Distribution of Flint and Bronze Implements in Norfolk. Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists' Society. Vol VIII Pt III (for 1906-1907) pp 393-409. p 400.

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