Record Details

NHER Number:47908
Type of record:Building
Name:Signal box at former beach station

Summary

A concrete and brick signal box built in 1920. This signal box is the last signal box from the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway that is still in use. It has recently (2011) been restored, together with the adjacent 'bothy' cabin.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 2123 4200
Map Sheet:TG24SW
Parish:CROMER, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

May 2000. Listed, Grade II.
Listing Description:
Railway signal box. 1920 for the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway, built by William Marriott, company engineer. Concrete block and gault brick with a Welsh slate roof. Small signal box with a concrete and brick base with two sunk panels facing the track. Single panel in end elevation with a door to the locking room and a window, now blocked with red brick. The upper floor has six windows separated by timber mullions, each window with 3 x 3 panes, some windows slide. The end elevations have two windows as above, the platform elevation also has a part glazed door with a rectangular light over. This is up a flight of timber stairs which leads to a steel balcony leading in front of the windows for cleaning, this is supported on cast brackets. Hipped roof with centre vent and rear stove pipe. Interior (not seen) contains a 35 lever frame dating from 1954 and a traditional pot-bellied stove.
History: The line between Melton Constable and Cromer Beach was built by the Eastern and Midland Railway and opened in 1887. This railway failed in 1890 and was bought jointly by the Midland Railway and the Great Northern Railway, thus forming the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway in 1893. This railway, with 183 miles of track, was the largest of the joint railways and remained independent until 1936 because its parent companies were incorporated into different groupings', LMS and LNER, the LNER finally taking full responsibility in 1936. The M&GNJR had an engineer William Marriott (1884-1924) who took a particular interest in concrete as a building material and many items were manufactured at their works at Melton Constable. Cromer signal box is the last box from this system still working out of an original 90, and the largest surviving of his concrete structures. It was built in 1920 as Cromer Yard and was refitted with the present frame when Cromer High station was closed in 1954 and all the traffic transferred to Cromer Beach.
Information from (S1).
S. Spooner (NLA) 1 September 2006

June 2011. Eastern Daily Press.
The 1920s signal box has been restored to its 1960s state, with advice from society member Eric Dagless who worked at Cromer as a signalman until the early 1960s. Work on the Grade II listed building has been carried out over the last five years by members of the Cromer Railway Signalling Society and monthly volunteer working parties, helped by some £15,000 of grants from the Railway Heritage Trust, Cromer Town Council and the Poppyland Partnership.
See (S2) for further details.
D. Lefeuvre (HES), 1 August 2011.

December 2011.
Some points have also been installed, so that visitors can see the complex process of locking, detecting and signalling trains. The 'bothy' cabin adjacent to the signal box has also been restored. A rare survival, this is said to be in as good a state as when it was built (S3).
D. Gurney (HES), 2 December 2011.

Monument Types

  • SIGNAL BOX (Early 20th Century to 21st Century - 1920 AD to 2100 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Designation: English Heritage. 1990-2013. English Heritage Listing Notification. Notification. DNF7246.
<S1>Designation: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1380342.
<S2>Newspaper Article: Eastern Daily Press. 2011. Restored signal box is back in spotlight.. 14 June.
<S3>Publication: Railway Heritage Trust. 2011. Annual Report and Accounts 2010/11.

Related records

13584Part of: Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway (Norwich to Cromer via Holt), North Norfolk Railway (Monument)
47589Related to: Semaphore signals at former beach station (Building)
MNO11704Related to: Signal Box at former Beach Station Holt Road CROMER (Revoked)

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