Record Details

NHER Number:5141
Type of record:Monument
Name:Findspot of Early Bronze Age pot

Summary

An Early Bronze Age pot was recovered from this area in the 20th century. A number of depressions identified here and variously interpreted as possible Neolithic flint mines or Second World War bomb craters are now recorded as NHER 61500.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TL 8101 9022
Map Sheet:TL89SW
Parish:WEETING WITH BROOMHILL, BRECKLAND, NORFOLK

Full description

THE 'DEPRESSIONS' DESCRIBED BELOW, WHICH ARE VARIOUSLY INTERPRETED AS NEOLITHIC FLINT MINES OR SECOND WORLD WAR BOMB CRATERS, ARE NOW RECORDED AS NHER 61500.

1929.
Context 2 to south of barrow at TL 8075 9030. Fragment of 'A' Beaker (Early Bronze Age pot) with punch decoration
In NCM [1].
R. R. Clarke (NCM).

No further sherds found on well developed heathland.
A. J. Lawson (NAU), 28 November 1975.

NCM finds box says 'on low mound south of Snake Wood and main road'.
A. J. Lawson (NAU).

1988. The area of land centred on context 2 marked as heathland on 6 inch Ordnance Survey map (S1) is now forested. New metric Ordnance Survey map (seen briefly via ESA revisers) shows several depressions within this area as Neolithic flint mines.

Visited by J. Wymer (NAU) 18 March who says these are similar to infilled shafts at Grimes Graves and therefore probably genuine. Also at least one bomb crater but this not shown by Ordnance Survey.
E. Rose (NAU), 25 April 1988.

Note however that RAF aerial photograph 5 February 1946 (3G/TUD/UK/59 5111, in NLA as TL89/TL8190/B) (S2) shows craters all over this area and some to west of road not on NHER. All are of varying sizes and appear much more like bomb craters than flint mines. Two or three similar features within Grimes Graves - are these stray bombs that landed within the area, or is J. Wymer (NAU) right and there are a mixture of flint mines and bomb craters here?
K. Sussams (IAU), and E. Rose (NAU), 1 August 1994.

23 May 1995. At west end of site west of Context 2 centred on [2].
Trench 2m deep, 60m long and 10m wide excavated by Ministry of Defence for temporary field hospital as part of training exercise. Aligned north-to-south. A short distance to the southeast is an earlier trench (? by UEA) aligned east-to-west and open but backfilling naturally.
D. Gurney (NLA), 24 May 1995.

November 2016. 'Brecks from Above' and Breckland National Mapping Programme.
The 'depressions' described above, which are variously interpreted as Neolithic flint mines or Second World War bomb craters, are now recorded as NHER 61500. No evidence of the 'low mound' mentioned above, and in a National Record of the Historic Environment record (S2), was identified on the photographs; it may be a reference to the probable round barrow which partially survives as an earthwork at the northwest corner of the site (NHER 4152).
S. Tremlett (Norfolk Historic Environment Service), 10th November 2016.

Monument Types

  • FLINT MINE (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • TRENCH (Early 20th Century to 21st Century - 1901 AD to 2100 AD)
  • BOMB CRATER (World War Two - 1939 AD to 1945 AD)

Associated Finds

  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Aerial Photograph: RAF. RAF 3G/TUD/UK/59 5111.
---Publication: Clarke, D. L. 1970. Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol 2. No 624.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TL 89 SW 15.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Neolithic. Weeting.
<S1>Map: Ordnance Survey, First Edition, 6 Inch. 1879-1886. Ordnance Survey 1st Edition 6 inch map..
<S2>Digital Dataset: Historic England. National Record for the Historic Environment (formerly National Monument Record). Unique Identifier: 383305, TL 89 SW 15; http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=383305.

Related records - none

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