Record Details

NHER Number:37996
Type of record:Monument
Name:Middle Bronze Age, Roman and medieval settlement features, Bacton to King's Lynn Transco Pipeline

Summary

Excavation on this site in 2003 discovered archaeological evidence of a small concentration of Middle Bronze Age features, which appears to be settlement related, including pits, gullies and a post hole. Also discovered were two substantial Roman or post-Roman rectangular enclosures, as well as a medieval field system, within which three ditches probably formed a small stock enclosure. A number of Neolithic and Bronze Age lithic implements were recovered, along with Bronze Age and Roman pottery sherds and urns.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 27406 33099
Map Sheet:TG23SE
Parish:SWAFIELD, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

November 2002 - January 2003. Geophysical and fieldwalking survey. Bacton to King's Lynn Transco pipeline. Construction section 50, plot number 26.
Both the fieldwalking survey and geophysical survey identified evidence for considerable archaeological activity with this plot.
See (S1) and (S2).

March - August 2003. Excavation. Bacton to King's Lynn pipeline.
Excavation revealed a small concentration of Middle Bronze Age features, which appears to be settlement related, includes pits, gullies and a post hole.
Two Roman or post-Roman substantial, rectangular enclosures.
A medieval field system, within which three ditches probably formed a small stock enclosure. Also a scatter of pits.
See (S3).
J. Allen (NLA), 25 August 2006.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • GULLY (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • PIT (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • POST HOLE (Middle Bronze Age - 1600 BC to 1001 BC)
  • FINDSPOT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • ENCLOSURE (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD?)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • STOCK ENCLOSURE? (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • ENCLOSURE (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
  • STOCK ENCLOSURE (Saxon - 410 AD to 1065 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SETTLEMENT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STOCK ENCLOSURE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • CHARCOAL (Unknown date)
  • SAMPLE (Unknown date)
  • XFIRED CLAY (Unknown date)
  • BURNT FLINT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POLISHED AXEHEAD (Neolithic - 4000 BC to 2351 BC)
  • SCRAPER (TOOL) (Late Neolithic to Early Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 1501 BC)
  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • XFIRED CLAY (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POT (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • URN (Beaker - 2300 BC to 1700 BC)
  • POT (Iron Age - 800 BC to 42 AD)
  • URN (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • URN (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • URN (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

<S1>Unpublished document: Transco/Network Archaeology. 2003. Network Archaeology Report No. 184. Bacton to Kings Lynn Proposed Gas Pipeline. Archaeological field reconnaissance, fieldwalking, metal detecting and geophysical survey.. vol 1 and 2.
<S2>Unpublished document: Transco/Pre-Construct Geophysics. 2003. Pre-Construct Geophysics Report No. BKL02. Fluxgate Gradiometer and Magnetic Susceptibility Surveys: Bacton to King's Lynn Gas Pipeline.. vol 1 and 2.
<S3>Unpublished document: Transco/Network Archaeology. 2004. Post-Excavation Assessment of Potential for Analysis and Updated Project Design: Report and Appendices.. Vol 1 & 2. pp75-77.

Related records - none

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