Record Details

NHER Number:4995
Type of record:Monument
Name:Two Hills Bronze Age barrows, Mount Ephraim


This is the site of two Bronze Age round barrows. The first is thought to be 30m in diameter and 2m high, with a 3m wide ditch that is 0.25m deep. The second is 28m across, 1.8m high, and has a ditch 3m which is largely invisible on the surface. The barrows are in good condition and are largely under tree cover.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TL 775 914
Map Sheet:TL79SE

Full description

Two Round Barrows, Mount Ephraim Plantation, Weeting with Broomhill..

Context 1 at 7752 9145.
Ditched bowl 36 paces diameter, 6 ft 6 inches high, ditch 6 paces wide; bank 1ft high on south-west. Dark soil on top;
has been dug (by Lord Rosehill 1870?) thickly covered with trees.
R. R. Clarke (NCM), 5 April 1935.

Now 38m diameter mound, 1.5m high, covered in trees. Ditch 4m wide, 20cm deep. Outer bank unnoticed.
A. J. Lawson (NAU).

Context 2. at 7762 9151.
Bowl, 30 paces diameter, 6ft high, slight signs of excavation on west - many flint flakes on surface - covered by
trees and box.
R. R. Clarke (NCM), 5 April 1935.

Now 27m diameter, 2m high covered with trees in wood.
A. J. Lawson (NAU), March 1976.

Visit by W. G. Clarke 31 August 1908.
(S1), (S2), barrows 55-6 (S3).

Context 1 is impressive. Maple, birch and pine growing on and around but surface mainly leaf mould. Outer bank clear. Height more like 2m than 1.5m as published.
Context 2. Covered with young birch and box, leaf mould and deadwood.

July 1988 and February 1989. Both mounds much overgrown.
J. Wymer (NAU).

October 1992. No real change.
Both barrows under large old trees and leafmould, but little undergrowth.
E. Rose (NAU), 2 November 1992.

24 March 1994. No change, except that a deep muddy pool has formed between the barrows, with paths leading from it up onto both barrows. Very improbable this is by human agency as wood so overgrown and distant from roads, but no animal tracks in the mud. However small deer seen in vicinity.
E. Rose (NLA), 25 March 1994.
(This is a deer wallow - confirmed English Nature)

Both barrows continue to support mature mixed woodland trees. Felling is to be undertaken around barrows, but not on barrows as this could cause damage by machinery.
H. Paterson (NLA), 15 November 1995.

MPP gives context 1 as 30m diameter, 2m high; ditch 3m wide by 0.25m deep, context 2 as 28m across, 1.8m high, ditch 3m wide and invisible on surface.
The schedule for context 1 now also includes site NHER 11522.
E. Rose (NLA), 6 June 1997.

8 December 1997. Sites visited by D.Gurney (NLA).
Context 1. Impressive mound with very clear ditch. There are mature trees around the edge of the mound.
Context 2. Mound with mature trees and some low scrub/saplings on top. One fallen tree and throw-hole in the north-west quadrant.
D. Gurney (NLA), 9 December 1997.

Scheduled Ancient Monument Management Plan March 2002-March 2007.
Copy in file.
D. Gurney (NLA), 24 April 2002.

Monument Types

  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Associated Finds

  • LITHIC IMPLEMENT (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument
  • Scheduled Monument

Sources and further reading

---Designation: [unknown]. Ancient Monuments Form. SAM Record. DNF198.
---Unpublished Document: English Heritage. 2002. English Heritage Management Agreement.
---Record Card: Ordnance Survey Staff. 1933-1979?. Ordnance Survey Record Cards. TL 79 SE 10.
---Record Card: NAU Staff. 1974-1988. Norfolk Archaeological Index Primary Record Card.
---Record Card: Clarke, R. R. and NCM Staff. 1933-1973. Norwich Castle Museum Record Card - Bronze Age. Weeting.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
---Photograph: CXR 35-6, CXV 31.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1990-2013. English Heritage Scheduling Notification. Notification. DNF198 and DNF199.
---Designation: English Heritage. 1994? -2011?. English Heritage Digital Designation Record. Record. DNF198 and DNF199.
<S1>Article in Serial: Clarke, W. G. 1913. Norfolk Barrows. The Antiquary. Vol XLIX pp 416-423.
<S2>Publication: Fox, C. 1923. The Archaeology of the Cambridge Region: a topographical study of the Bronze, Early Iron, Roman, and Anglo-Saxon Ages, with an introductory note on the Neolithic Age. p 328.
<S3>Publication: Clarke, W. G. 1925. In Breckland Wilds. First Edition. p 128.

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