Record Details

NHER Number:44202
Type of record:Building
Name:The Square


This stable courtyard, known as the Square, dates to around 1730. It was built by William Kent for Sir Robert Walpole and of Palladian style. It is constructed from coursed carstone with some brick on the south and west facades. The layout comprises fifteen bay east and west ranges and thirteen bay north and south ranges, built around a courtyard. In addition, there are single bay angle towers and octagonal third storey turrets with round arched oculuses, cornice, and octagonal slated roofs with large-scale acorn finials. The entrance arches have two leaf contemporary iron gates. The courtyard facades repeat the details of the outer facades with thirteen bay east and west ranges, and nine bay north and south ranges. At the northeast are 18th century stalls with oak Doric columns, with roundels marking divisions, and rectangular oak piers supporting vaults.

Images - none


Grid Reference:TF 79047 28600
Map Sheet:TF72NE

Full description

October 1985. Listed, Grade I.
Listing Description Excerpt:
"Stable courtyard, known as the Square. Dates to around 1730, attributable to William Kent, but perhaps supervised by Thomas Ripley the architect. For Sir Robert Walpole, later 1st Earl of Orford. Palladian. Largely coursed carstone, some brick on south and west facades, brick with carstone dressings to interior courtyard."
Information from (S1).
Please consult the National Heritage List for England (S1) for the current listing details.
A. Cattermole (NLA) 23 March 2006. Amended J. Cullis (HES), 8 November 2019.

NIAS records:
The stable block contained a Hornsby engine for generating electricty. Made in 1917, the 45hp single cylinder oil engine powered a 35kw dynamo which charged a rack of batteries, also in the stables, to supply the house with domestic electricty. The engine was run untill the late 1950s after which the house was connected to mains power.
In 1975 (survey date) the engine was still in situ and in good working order.
See (S2)
W. Arnold (HES), 09 May 2011

Monument Types

  • STABLE (18th Century to 21st Century - 1730 AD to 2100 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

<S1>Designation: English Heritage. National Heritage List for England. List Entry 1152782.
<S2>Archive: NIAS. Norfolk Industrial Archaeology Society Records.

Related records

3546Part of: Houghton Hall (Building)
Norfolk County Council logo Heritage Lottery Fund logo

Powered by HBSMR-web and the HBSMR Gateway from exeGesIS SDM Ltd, and mojoPortal CMS
© 2007 - 2021 Norfolk Historic Environment Service