Record Details

NHER Number:43297
Type of record:Monument
Name:Medieval to post medieval occupation, rear of Cat and Fiddle, Magdalen Street

Summary

An archaeological evaluation recorded several human burials that probably date to the first half of the 16th century and relate to the former All Saints' churchyard (NHER 589). One individual was buried with their hands possibly tied behind their back and may represent an executed criminal. Two substantial 13th century sand extraction pits were also revealed, as well as a few medieval and post medieval pits and a finely decorated medieval strap-end.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 23199 09467
Map Sheet:TG20NW
Parish:NORWICH, NORWICH, NORFOLK

Full description

February 2006. Trial Trenching.
Evaluation of proposed development site. Three trenches excavated. Contexts 1-97 used.
Several human burials were discovered that probably date to the first half of the 16th century and relate to the former All Saints churchyard (NHER 589). One individual was buried with their hands possibly tied behind their back and may represent an executed criminal.
Two substantial 13th century sand extraction pits were revealed, as well as a few medieval and post medieval pits.
Also found, a finely decorated medieval strap-end.
See report (S1) for further details. The results of this work are also summarised in (S2). See also (S3) and (S4).
The associated archive has been deposited with the Norwich Castle Museum (NWHCM : 2010.279).
J. Allen (NLA), 28 June 2006. Amended by P. Watkins (HES), 11 May 2019.

June-July 2008. Watching Brief.
Monitoring of excavation of footing trenches for residential dwelling.
These trenches revealed little of archaeological significance, for the most part disturbing only relatively recent layers of dumped material.
Two post-medieval walls of rough brick, flint and mortar construction were noted at the western edge of the building plot, close to a presumably related flint and mortar floor. This floor sealed a small pit that was filled with a pinkish red-brown silt consistent with peat ash. A fragment of post-medieval brick was recovered from this pit.
See report (S5) for further details.
See NHER 49838 for information on observations made during the construction of two dwellings immediately to the north of this site.
P. Watkins (HES), 10 August 2015.

Monument Types

  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 1000000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Early Saxon - 410 AD to 650 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • BURIAL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PATH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • PIT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • SAND WORKINGS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BUILDING (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • COBBLED SURFACE (NHER) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WALL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WATER TANK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIT (Early 20th Century to 21st Century - 1901 AD to 2100 AD)
  • POST HOLE (Early 20th Century to 21st Century - 1901 AD to 2100 AD)

Associated Finds

  • BLADE (Lower Palaeolithic to Late Iron Age - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Early Saxon - 411 AD to 650 AD)
  • POT (Late Saxon - 851 AD to 1065 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • OYSTER SHELL (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • STRAP END (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • XFIRED CLAY (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • LACE TAG (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • OYSTER SHELL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDOW (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status - none

Sources and further reading

---Unpublished Contractor Report: Phelps, A. 2008. An Archaeological Watching Brief at Zipfel's Court, Norwich. NAU Archaeology. 1882.
---Secondary File: Secondary File.
<S1>Unpublished Contractor Report: Emery, G. 2006. An Archaeological Evaluation of Land to the Rear of the Cat & Fiddle pub, Magdalen Street, Norwich, Norfolk. NAU Archaeology. 1168.
<S2>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. (ed.). 2007. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2006. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt II pp 261-273. p 269.
<S3>Slide: Various. Slide. 1-36.
<S4>Photograph: NAU. LRD-LRE.

Related records - none

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