Record Details

NHER Number:41754
Type of record:Monument
Name:Multi-period finds and features at Corner House

Summary

An evaluation excavation in 2005 revealed an Iron Age pit containing Iron Age pottery fragments, part of a quern, pieces of salt-making briquetage and flint artefacts. These were important finds, not only because they are rare in themselves, but because they are the first evidence of Iron Age activity in Wells. Also found were Roman ditches and medieval and post medieval ditches and pits.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TF 91705 43494
Map Sheet:TF94SW
Parish:WELLS NEXT THE SEA, NORTH NORFOLK, NORFOLK

Full description

June 2005. Corner House. NAU evaluation, Four trenches. Contexts 1 to 37 used.
A later Iron Age pit containing fifteen sherds of pottery, a semi-complete rotary quern, fragments of salt-making briquetage and worked flint was found. This was an important discovery as not only do the feature and artefacts comprise the first Iron Age archaeology found in Wells, but Iron Age rotary querns, briquetage and flint artefacts are rare finds in Norfolk.
A medieval ditch, either a field or property boundary, was found in one trench.
Three pits, a ditch and six features of post medieval date were discovered. The pits could have been dug as rubbish pits, quarries for clay or as garden features. Six parallel east to west features were most probably garden features.
See (S1) and (S2).
See also (S6).
J. Allen (NLA), 17 February 2006.

October 2005. NAU Archaeology evaluation trenches and a small excavation. Contexts 100-123.
Twenty-four features were recorded, the most significant of these was an Iron Age pit that represents the first evidence of this period to be found in Wells. It produced a variety of artefacts including a semi-complete quern stone and briquetage associated with salt production.
Two Roman field boundaries were also identified. These were also the first features of this period to be found in Wells, with a Roman presence previously evidenced only by chance finds.
Even though the site lies in what would have been the centre of Wells from at least the late medieval period onwards, no traces of buildings were identified.
The remainder of the features excavated were post-medieval in date and related to the site's recent use as a garden.
See (S3).
J. Allen (NLA), 6 February 2007.

March 2008.
It is proposed that a single radiocarbon date will be obtained from the Iron Age pit.
See (S4)
H. White (NLA) 3 December 2008.

April 2008. Outline publication synopsis.
This site will be included in a forthcoming monograph investigating Iron Age sites in Norfolk.
See (S5) for further details.
S. Howard (NLA), 5 January 2010.

Monument Types

  • GULLY (Unknown date)
  • PIT (Unknown date)
  • POST HOLE (Unknown date)
  • FINDSPOT (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • PIT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • DITCH (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • GULLY (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BOUNDARY DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DITCH (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • DITCH (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • FINDSPOT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GARDEN FEATURE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • LINEAR FEATURE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • PIT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds

  • ANIMAL REMAINS (Unknown date)
  • NAIL (Unknown date)
  • SLAG (Unknown date)
  • XFIRED CLAY (Unknown date)
  • FLAKE (Prehistoric - 500000 BC to 42 AD)
  • FLAKE (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Late Iron Age - 100 BC to 42 AD)
  • POT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
  • BRICK (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • POT (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • BOTTLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • BRICK (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • CLAY PIPE (SMOKING) (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • KNIFE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • POT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • ROOF TILE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • WINDOW GLASS (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)

Protected Status

  • Listed Building

Sources and further reading

---Secondary File: Secondary file.
<S1>Unpublished Document: Robertson, D.. 2005. NAU Report No. 1081. An Archaeological Evaluation at The Corner House, Staithe Street, Wells-next-the-Sea..
<S2>Unpublished Document: Fryer, V.. 2005. An evaluation of the charred plant macrofossils and other remains from an Iron Age pit at Wells-next-the-Sea, Norfolk ..
<S3>Unpublished Document: Watkins, P.J.. 2006. NAU Report No. 1113. An Archaeological Evaluation at The Corner House, Stithe Street, Wells-next-the Sea. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design..
<S4>Unpublished Document: Watkins, PJ. 2008. NAU Archaeology Report No. 1113b. An Archaeological Excavation at The Corner House, Wells-next-the Sea. Revised Project Design.
<S5>Unpublished Document: Watkins, P.. 2008. NAU Archaeology Report No. 1716a. The Archaeology of Iron Age Norfolk: an outline publication synopsis..
<S6>Article in Serial: Gurney, D. and Penn, K. 2006. Excavations and Surveys in Norfolk in 2005. Norfolk Archaeology. Vol XLV Pt I pp 124-136. p 135.

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