Record Details

NHER Number:27259
Type of record:Monument
Name:Multi-period field systems, trackways and enclosures

Summary

An extensive, multi-period complex of field systems, trackways and enclosures is visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. Metal detecting, field walking and excavation results recorded as NHER 21272, 12165, 34024, 34025 and 12166 have aided the interpretation of the site. There are Bronze Age (NHER 27338), Iron Age to Roman (NHER 27339) and undated (possibly post Roman) field systems (NHER 27340). The cropmarks overlie the remains of a possible Neolithic mortuary enclosure (NHER 27357) and two possible Bronze Age round barrow cemeteries (NHER 27342 and 27350). A World War Two Direction Finding Station (NHER 27341) was built on the site and is now used as a modern meteorological station.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 4876 1628
Map Sheet:TG41NE
Parish:HEMSBY, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK
ORMESBY ST MARGARET WITH SCRATBY, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK
ORMESBY ST MICHAEL, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK

Full description

17 July 1979 and 29 July 1983. NAU air photography. PREVIOUSLY RECORDED UNDER NHER 12165
Cropmarks. Linear and curvilinear cropmarks and trackway.
D. Edwards (NAU), 15 February 1981.

PREVIOUSLY RECORDED UNDER NHER 12165, RING DITCHES NOW RECORDED UNDER NHER 27343 AND 27344
St Joseph's list of photographs describes this grid reference as 'ring ditches and enclosures'; but no ring ditches visible on NAU air photographs.
E. Rose (NAU), 9 June 1981.

PREVIOUSLY RECORDED UNDER NHER 12165, RING DITCHES NOW RECORDED UNDER NHER 27343 AND 27344
Two ring ditches now visible on NAU air photographs.
E. Rose (NAU), 22 April 1985.

April 2005. Norfolk NMP.
Many of the cropmarks described below were previously recorded under NHER 12165, 18317 and NHER 12166.

An extensive complex of cropmarks, comprising field systems, trackways and enclosures, is visible on aerial photographs, (S1) to (S17), centred at TG 4886 1620. Amongst these, three phases of field system can be identified on morphological grounds (NHER 27338, 27339 and 27340), although the appearance and layout of the cropmarks suggests some overlap between the phases, perhaps with some elements of the earlier phase being retained. A double ditched enclosure (NHER 27337) has also been distinguished from the remainder of the cropmarks. In addition, many of the cropmarks are too fragmentary or irregular to assign to any particular phase. Several, which lie parallel to modern field boundaries, are probably post medieval to modern in date.

Fieldwalking, metal detecting and partial excavation (NHER 21272, 12165, 34024, 34025 and 12166) of some of the site, combined with morphological grouping of distinctive elements of the cropmarks, has allowed the main phases of activity to be dated. The earliest field system (NHER 27338), which itself overlies a probable Bronze Age barrow cemetery (NHER 27342) can be dated to the Bronze Age. A second, more rectilinear phase of field system (NHER 27339) is probably Iron Age to Roman in date. A third phase (NHER 27340), identified at the eastern end of the site and in the adjacent fields to the east (NHER 17673), is undated but seems likely to belong to the post Roman period. The enclosure (NHER 27337) is also undated but can perhaps be assigned tentatively to the Bronze Age phase.

It should be noted that a World War Two Direction Finding Station (NHER 27341) has also been identified over the central northern part of the site (albeit in an area in which few cropmarks were evident). The construction and subsequent removal of the structures associated with this site (part of which is now a meteorological station) may have caused some disturbance to the earlier archaeological features.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 22 April 2005.

Monument Types

  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Undated)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Undated)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Undated)
  • TRACKWAY (Undated)
  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Early Bronze Age to 19th Century - 2350 BC to 1900 AD)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Early Bronze Age to 19th Century - 2350 BC to 1900 AD)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Early Bronze Age to Roman - 2350 BC to 409 AD)
  • TRACKWAY (Early Bronze Age to 19th Century - 2350 BC to 1900 AD)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • SHINE
  • SHINE
  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 1030-3 09-JUL-1946 (NHER TG 4716C, TG 4816A, TG 4916A, TG 4917C).
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 3043-4 09-JUL-1946 (NHER TG 4915A, TG 4815A).
<S3>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1964. RAF 58/6522 (F22) 0043-4 01-OCT-1964 (NMR).
<S4>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1970. OS/70351 162-3 20-SEP-1970 (NMR).
<S5>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1972. OS/72018 057-8 15-MAR-1972 (NMR).
<S6>Oblique Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. 1973. CUCAP (BOB70-5) 05-JUL-1973.
<S7>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1977. NHER TG 4916C-F (NLA 55/AKW4-7) 01-AUG-1977.
<S8>Vertical Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. 1978. CUCAP RC8CT100-1 25-JUL-1978 (CUCAP).
<S9>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1979. NHER TG 4816A-C (NLA 72/AMR12-14) 17-JUL-1979.
<S10>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1980. NHER TG 4816D-F (NLA 78/ANJ5-7) 09-JUN-1980.
<S11>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1980. NHER TG 4816G (NLA 80/ANN3) 09-JUN-1980.
<S12>Oblique Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. 1980. CUCAP (CMK61) 03-JUL-1980.
<S13>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1983. NHER TG 4816H-J (NLA 137/ATQ28-9) 29-JUL-1983.
<S14>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1983. NHER TG 4816L-T (NLA 137/ATN1-8) 29-JUL-1983.
<S15>Vertical Aerial Photograph: BKS. 1988. BKS 0963-4 07-SEP-1988 (NCC 4785-6).
<S16>Vertical Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1997. OS/97613 218-9 01-JUN-1997.
<S17>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Jeavons, A.. 1996. NHER TG 4916L (KRD6) 30-JUN-1996.

Related records

27337Parent of: Possible Bronze Age enclosure (Monument)
27338Parent of: Possible Bronze Age field system (Monument)
27340Parent of: Possible post-Roman field system (Monument)
27339Parent of: Probable Iron Age to Roman field system (Monument)
18317Related to: Undated ditches (Monument)

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