Record Details

NHER Number:27331
Type of record:Monument
Name:Enclosure and field system of possible Bronze Age date north of Rollesby Hall

Summary

An enclosure, field boundaries and a trackway, all possibly of Bronze Age date, are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs. The cropmarks are likely to represent a small, enclosed settlement, such as a farmstead, surrounded by a contemporary landscape of fields and trackways. Field walking, metal detecting and excavation across the southernmost part of the site (NHER 34011-34013) included the excavation of what appeared to be some of the cropmarks, or at least their southern continuation into an unresponsive part of the field. The assemblage recovered by this work was dominated by Bronze Age pottery, later Neolithic to Early Bronze Age flint, and burnt flint. This suggests that the surrounding cropmarks are also of Bronze Age date.

Images - none

Location

Grid Reference:TG 4500 1713
Map Sheet:TG41NE
Parish:MARTHAM, GREAT YARMOUTH, NORFOLK

Full description

July 2006. Norfolk NMP.
An enclosure, field boundaries and a trackway are visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs (S1)-(S4). The enclosure is centred at TG 4532 1720. Its size is suggestive of a small settlement, such as a farmstead, although no internal features, such as roundhouses, are visible. The linear cropmarks to its south and west are oriented on the same axis and probably represent the remnants of contemporary fields and trackways. Abundant burnt and struck flint, and also pottery, predominantly of Bronze Age date, recovered from the field surface and excavated features across the southernmost part of the site (NHER 34011-34013; S5), suggests a Bronze Age date for the complex. In addition, it is located a short distance down slope of two probable Bronze Age round barrows or similar funerary monuments (NHER 34895 and 34896). This kind of physical relationship between secular and funerary sites is not unusual in the Middle and Late Bronze Age, an example being South Lodge on Cranborne Chase (S6). At the same time, the possibility that the cropmarks represent a later phase of activity, located on top of a relatively open and insubstantial earlier prehistoric site, cannot be entirely ruled out. A trackway, visible together with associated linear ditches 45m to the west (NHER 32062), is likely to date to the later prehistoric (probably Iron Age) period, and some Romano-British and medieval material was recovered with the earlier finds.

The enclosure is sub-rectangular in plan and double-ditched in places. It measures approximately 56m long (internally 43m) and 43m wide (internally 32m). An apparent entrance at its southeast corner, which is met by what may be a narrow trackway, appears to be genuine, although a narrow ditch across it suggests it may have been closed off at some time. To the south and west a rectilinear pattern of probable field boundaries is visible, across an area measuring approximately 715m by 625m. To the south, these are aligned off a wide trackway, which is itself visible between at least TG 4542 1708 and TG 4504 1720; another part of it may be visible further to the west (between TG 4478 1729 and TG 4464 1739), where it is recorded as part of NHER 32062. To the north, a number of the cropmarks recorded as part of NHER 27335 may also be contemporary with this postulated Bronze Age complex.
S. Tremlett (NMP), 27 July 2006.
(Updated from an entry written on 19 April 2005.)

Monument Types

  • FARMSTEAD? (Unknown date)
  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Unknown date)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Unknown date)
  • POLYGONAL ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Unknown date)
  • SETTLEMENT? (Unknown date)
  • TRACKWAY (Unknown date)
  • FARMSTEAD? (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FIELD BOUNDARY (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • FIELD SYSTEM (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • POLYGONAL ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • RECTILINEAR ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • SETTLEMENT? (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)
  • TRACKWAY (Bronze Age - 2350 BC to 701 BC)

Associated Finds - none

Protected Status

  • SHINE
  • SHINE

Sources and further reading

<S1>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 1025-6 09-JUL-1946 (NHER TG 4416A-B).
<S2>Vertical Aerial Photograph: RAF. 1946. RAF 106G/UK/1634 5049-50 09-JUL-1946 (NMR).
<S3>Oblique Aerial Photograph: CUCAP. 1976. CUCAP (BYY62) 03-JUL-1976.
<S4>Oblique Aerial Photograph: Edwards, D.A. (NLA). 1990. NHER TG 4417A-B (NLA 271/GDC4-5) 12-JUL-1990.
<S5>Unpublished Contractor Report: Bates, S. and Crowson, A. 2004. Assessment Report and Updated Project Design for Archaeological Excavations and Watching Brief on the Bacton to Great Yarmouth Gas Pipeline, Norfolk. Norfolk Archaeological Unit. 924. p 14.
<S6>Monograph: Barrett, J., Bradley, R. & Green, M.. 1991. Landscape, Monuments and Society. The Prehistory of Cranborne Chase.. pp 146-147; Figs 5.2-5.3.

Related records

34013Parent of: Multi-period finds, Bacton to Great Yarmouth pipeline project (Monument)

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